"Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he."
-- Proverbs 29:18, King James Bible (KJV)

Monday, June 10, 2019

The Donald Trump Presidency: Expectations and Results in Our Age of Disruption in a Rapidly Changing World

The current President of the United States, Donald John Trump, is not everyone’s cup of tea. That is in the nature of the business of politics. Every leader in every nation has adherents and detractors.

Since we are non-partisan, owe allegiance to no political party, and are center-oriented in our politics, we support every elected President of the United States of America -- as the nation's head man. Our assessment of a President thus turns on general results, not on selected political issues. We agree on some things and disagree on others. How can it be otherwise?

In our view, President Donald J. Trump is a wheeler-dealer type by personality and background -- a very much results-oriented man of "expediency", a word well defined in this context at Google's dictionary entry for expediency:
"the quality of being convenient and practical despite possibly being improper or immoral; convenience.
"an act of political expediency"
We expect such behavior from Trump, and we are seldom disappointed. But we do not judge Trump by his "acts" of expediency. Only results count for us.

Accordingly, we ask: Does it make sense to make our political or other expectations a standard of judgment about what is happening in political, legal, social, religious or economic spheres?

Is the fulfillment of expectations what MAKES a President successful or not? Our expectations? How many "expected" the current economic boom under Trump? Is expectation relevant to an assessment of results?

"Expectations" may not be the best determinant of "happiness" regarding daily political or other events, because then a great deal of unavoidable "disappointment" is pre-programmed. Indeed, many mainstream journalists spend a lot of time complaining that their expectations have been dashed. But that is not the true bottom line for evaluating events at the Presidential level.

If we expect something and it is not fulfilled -- and our happiness depends upon expectation fulfillment -- we are disappointed and unhappy. Many expectations stay unfulfilled, so that this is a recipe for unhappiness and disappointment.

If our expectations are fulfilled -- how frequently does that happen? be honest with yourself -- we are “happy”. Our happiness then depends on expectation fulfillment --  "Just like I imagined it!" Again, just how often does that happen?

We thus unnecessarily put our happiness at the mercy of events over which we often have little control to make things meet our expectations. So, why do it?

Why should we make expectations a factor?

Expectation fulfillment is generally a short-term matter that quickly fades into the background when long-term matters are at issue. Daily political discussion TODAY is filled with opinions about largely ephemeral events that TOMORROW correspond to the statement, "There is nothing as old as yesterday's news".

Let us look, for example, at Trump's predecessor. Consider the question of "How did President Barack Obama's Presidency over two terms correspond with (y)our expectations?" Frankly, not many people know a quick answer, because many political expectations are not a long-term thing.

President Obama's Presidency should thus be judged not by short-term political expectations and their fulfillment or non-fulfillment, but rather by what was accomplished or not accomplished, long-term, during Obama's administration.

One example of achievement is Obamacare, which has neither been repealed nor replaced by the Republicans, in spite of nearly 10 years of trying. The necessary Congressional majorities have simply not been found among the nation's elected representatives. How does that mesh with (y)our expectations? It all depends, does it not? Is Obamacare working? Is that the standard of judgment? Polls show that about 51% of Americans currently approve of Obamacare. As a result, it has become a virtual political non-issue -- why aggravate the majority of voters? In the meantime, other issues have risen to the surface. The world is a sea of problems. How are they being solved?

In the long run, Donald Trump's tenure as President of the United States should similarly be judged by his achievements, and not by whether his actions correspond to our preconceptions and expectations, where we could be wrong.

Much of mainstream media has still to learn that lesson. To their credit, even the arch-liberal Guardian in the United Kingdom already admits to some achievements by the Trump administration as they write in How Trump has changed America in two years:
""This is the greatest economy in the history of our country," Donald Trump told reporters last year. Two years into his presidency he has plenty to brag about but also some big problems. Many of his own making.

Unemployment is close to levels unseen since the first moon landing. It ticked up last month but even that rise came as more workers came off the sidelines and started looking for work. So far about 5m jobs have been created under Trump.

It is pretty dubious to claim presidents "create" jobs but they all take the credit when things are good; unsurprisingly Trump is no exception. The current recovery clearly began under the previous president, Barack Obama. Even with the unarguably impressive improvements under Trump, he has a way to go before he can fulfil his promise of being "the greatest jobs president that God ever created"."
We must thus view preconceived expectations with a grain of salt. On the one hand, the "left" expected Trump's demise long ago. The predominantly left-oriented mainstream news media and strongly negative crystal ball opinion columnists failed miserably in predicting the future of the Trump administration, so much so, that not only is Trump's demise unlikely, but Trump's re-election is as likely it was for his predecessors, given current poll results.

Similarly, the "right" establishment may have expected Trump to ultimately follow their line of thinking. But Trump in fact does what HE wants, if he can. So, he is no friend of the G.O.P. establishment. Rather, by most counts, Trumpism is winning and not establishment Republican factions. See the article by Perry Bacon Jr. at FiveThirtyEight at The Five Wings of the Republican Party.

Political developments worldwide, especially "populism" -- which is a powerful force at the root of Trump's ascendancy to the Presidency -- can surely be better understood if we recognize that the world has a need to adjust its political expectations to conform to the present realities of our planet and its inhabitants.

The establishment in many areas of activity has failed to do this, and so we should not be surprised that populists like Trump are surfacing, and are favoring different solutions than have been tried previously by political mainstreamers.

Politics is not the only area of human activity in need of substantial reform and modernization. Trump says it is time to "drain the swamp". Figuratively, it means that things have to be "shaken", in the sense that Aristotle told us that "even the trees must be shaken by the wind to grow".

Without pressure to do otherwise, humankind gets lazy and stagnates into various kinds of decadence, everywhere apparent.

The Trump political situation can be compared with the problems of modernity confronting establishment Archaeology and related disciplines such as Oriental viz. Biblical Studies, which remain stubbornly backward (of course, in part by the retrograde nature of their study), and out-of-date, because they are not sufficiently pushed from outside to get out of their cozy rut.

The "history industry" is dominated by academics who continue doing what they have always done, story-booking how they think the past was, based on often tenuous authority-based rather than evidence-based "opinions", as presented, e.g. in conclusory documentary films, as if no alternative "stories" existed and as if all questions had been resolved, which is by no means the case.

Hence, the history industry has gotten many things wrong historically viz. pre-historically. The entire field of ancient studies, historical and prehistorical, is marked by what we view to be a glaring absence of analytical critical thinking and the lack of sober consideration of alternative explanatory solutions.

What are needed in the historical disciplines are disruptive people and ideas to "shake" the establishment out of its slumber.

Even in modern technology and media, We Live in an Age of Disruption. Just imagine then how rusty things are in the other "older" arts and sciences.

In a similar vein, Trump is a political disruptive "shaker" in politics.

Trump needs to be disruptive in a technologically-dominated digital age, where many things need to be changed per se and indeed must be changed due to the advance of expanded knowledge in our modern era.

Representative democracy has also lagged behind the times via inconceivable "government shutdowns" or, as in the UK, through people taking direct voter control of the political process, by Brexit referendum. If governments were properly doing their job, such political excesses would be unnecessary.

The U.S. Congress, e.g., has been hopelessly ineffectual in recent years, trying to play President rather than doing their proper legislative role, and has in the eyes of the populace deservedly suffered great losses of face as an institution.

Nevertheless, U.S. Senators and Members of the House of Representatives persist on being mired in a locked-in partisan yesterday, often basking in their own personal glories, rather than doing their jobs effectively. The voters elect representatives to pass legislation for the good of their constituents. Witch-hunting, on the other hand, is a power not based anywhere in the Constitution.

In any case, it is not expectations,
but results down the road
that reveal the successes and failures of policy.

Right now, Trumpism is winning….
like it or not.
Just look at the economy.

The rest remains to be seen.

Saturday, June 08, 2019

Stanford and Michigan Lead Division I Learfield IMG NACDA College Directors’ Cup June 6, 2019 Standings for the 2018-2019 Athletic Season

As a Stanford Law School graduate together with his better half holding a degree from the University of Michigan, we are pleased to see the newly posted  Division I Learfield IMG College Directors’ Cup Standings (National Assocation of Collegiate Directors of Athletics - NACDA) where Stanford University and the University of Michigan lead the pack.

As noted at NACDA.com:

"Trophy Presentation for the 2018-19 Learfield IMG College Directors' Cup winners will take place in conjunction with the 2019 NACDA Convention on Wednesday, June 12 at the World Center Marriott Resort in Orlando, Florida during the Directors' Cup Awards Luncheon."

Thursday, June 06, 2019

Native America: Ancient Migration Between Siberia and North America Based on New DNA Data Analysis: From the Arctic to the U.S. Southwest

The United States of America (USA) and the nation-states of North America, Central America, and South America are all countries whose populations trace their origins back to migrants, or if one prefers, immigrants viz. emigrants. That is a paradoxical issue of fact in our own present migrant-issue-dominated era.

Here is how it all began....

Smithsonian Magazine has an article by Brian Handwerk titled "Ancient DNA Reveals Complex Story of Human Migration Between Siberia and North America: Two studies greatly increase the amount of information we have about the peoples who first populated North America—from the Arctic to the Southwest U.S."

Attached to the link by the Smithsonian:
Read more: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/ancient-dna-reveals-complex-story-human-migration-between-siberia-and-north-america-180972356/#mdMUGpRtvgehwOZ1.99
Give the gift of Smithsonian magazine for only $12! http://bit.ly/1cGUiGv
Follow us: @SmithsonianMag on Twitter

Tuesday, June 04, 2019

A Coming G.O.P. Apocalypse is Foretold by David Brooks, Scrying Into His Orbuculum at The New York Times

David Brooks at the New York Times writes marvelous fact-based articles, but can nevertheless go astray in his political conclusions, based on the facts that he himself so cogently presents. Take politics, demographics and the generation gap as an example.

Using a crystal ball here is difficult because our political, social, economic and legal world is variegated and complex. Events do not follow clear rules of simple logic. Otherwise, any bright analytical thinker could make our current world understandable to us -- and -- could easily also foretell the political future.

Alas, it is not so.
The world of diversity, as Brooks writes, is approaching. But no one really knows how it will manifest itself politically in the future.
After all, as an example, who could predict the coming of the era of Trump?

In his most recent article, Brooks, scrying into his orbuculum, foretells a Coming G.O.P. Apocalypse -- basing that conclusion on very clear demographic data.

It is a nice article, foretelling the political future in an increasingly developing Age of Diversity. Such diversity is everywhere apparent, which arguably bides ill for the Republican Party of the United States of America. So where is the hitch?

I am here reminded of the old adage, whose origin is apparently unknown, that "many young people find it difficult to believe that they will ever have enough sex and that they will ultimately vote Republican, but such is the case".

As "younger generations" get older, their possibilities, responsibilities (especially responsibilities !), financial status, ideas, alliances and voting behavior may tend to change to suit their standing in life. Personal retention of and the sustainable security of what one "has" and "has achieved" will become ever more important.

Consider, for example, that the wealth of the world is "inherited" by new generations, on average, about every 33 years (our estimate of the era of a generation, borrowing from Sir Isaac Newton's Chronology).

This passing on of real and personal property from one generation to the next arguably has a massive impact politically on many of the inheritors.

We would suggest that "haves" invariably vote like "haves" (i.e. people of property and means) down the road of life, whereas the "have nots" vote like "have nots" who have less to secure, unless they are pulling rank on groups they view to be even more lower-ranked socially, economically and/or politically.

In the space of generations, inheritance and the passage of wealth surely change the politics of the political parties to which one swears allegiance, putting the pressure of change on political party platforms. We see this process in action today -- around the world -- as "populism" becomes the prevailing force of political change and restructure. The world is adjusting to substantial changes in its social, legal, economic, political and territorial infrastructure.

The mainstream "establishment" G.O.P may, as Brooks writes, indeed face difficult times in the future due to the powerful vector of voter demographics, but the present-day somewhat laid back Democratic Party also has problems, as its heroes, leaders and Presidential candidates are relatively on in years.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who enjoys unsurpassed cult status among her liberal admirers, was born in 1933. Congressional House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi was born in 1940. Politically "independent" former Senator and Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders was born in 1941. Former U.S. Vice-President and Presidential candidate Joe Biden was born in 1942. Only former President Barack Obama, born in 1961, falls to any degree out of the "oldie" mold. Perennial contender and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, born in 1947, is at the beginning of her 70's but remains a potential "enabler".

We have nothing against AGE per se, being a 1946 birth ourselves, but finding the voice of the future for the Democratic Party and for the voting populace among these unquestionably experienced but "other-generation" role models is difficult, given a generation gap electorate and the party's young base age-wise.

Indeed, the Democrats currently function as the virtual "status quo" party, riding on a platform of the (liberal) "good old days" and championing the doing of what the Dems have always done, while ignoring the trend of the times, which requires new faces and new solutions to mankind's many problems.

U.S. President Donald Trump, although born in 1946 (as were also Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush) is by contrast in his political actions functioning like a "young-thinking" revolutionary who DEMANDS the "CHANGE" that Barack Obama envisioned, but struggled to achieve. Indeed, there is no doubt that Trump is in fact achieving change on a massive scale, regardless of whether one is for the direction that change is taking, or against it. CHANGE is happening.

Accordingly, there will always be separate political camps for liberals and conservatives, but the face of the corresponding political parties as such, have recently changed and will continue to change, due to the demands of our increasingly technological era.

As a consequence, American political parties will likely become more like the political parties in Germany, where the German conservative party of Angela Merkel would be seen by many in America as having socialist tendencies. It just depends on how one defines these things.

One example here is the young public in the USA who were very favorable to German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her virtually "liberal" keynote speech at the recently held Harvard University commencement. The labels of liberal or conservative are simply not helpful in this context in trying to understand the political allegiances, social problems and controversial world matters at issue.

In other words, we believe that the entire political spectrum will shift overall in the future, whereby political views based on the individual age of the voters will continue to be highly differentiated -- with the older-becoming citizens tending increasingly to favor political platforms on major issues that reflect their own personal standing in life, as also the lives of their families.

The major political parties may not prevail under their present names, who knows, but the split of societies into two major political camps will prevail. So our opinion.

Hat tip to CaryGEE.

Monday, June 03, 2019

The Beginnings of Human Social Organization in the Group Exchange of Small Talk Information: A Positive Look at Mainstream News Media as the Gossip Experts ala Yuval Noah Harari

We have been very critical of mainstream news media in our past postings, especially in their choice and treatment of "news" items, many of which we would put into the category of "small talk" or "gossip", an interactive form of communication that some say accounts for as much as 75% of daily human speech.

We quote Horst Müller in Spektrum der Wissenschaft 10/1998, page 108 in "Klatsch und Tratsch. Wie der Mensch zur Sprache fand.", a book review of  Sebastian Vogel's translation of Robin Dunbar's Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language.:
"Nach Dunbar handeln etwa 75 Prozent des täglichen Gesprächs-aufkommens eines Menschen von "Klatsch und Tratsch", also Inhalten, die sich im wesentlichen mit der sozialen Interaktion von echten oder vermeintlichen Gruppenmitgliedern beschäftigen."
 Translation of that phrase by Google Translate:
"According to Dunbar, about 75 percent of a person's daily conversations are about 'gossip,' [viz. "small talk"] meaning content that essentially deals with the social interaction of real or supposed group members." [text in brackets added by LawPundit]
Up to now, we have been of the opinion that the mass of humans prefers also to read banal "blah blah" material. Indeed, we still think that to be the case, but there may be a reason for humankind's preferences.

We have been reconsidering the matter in view of a very interesting journalistic piece by Peter Reinhart, deputy editor-in-chief of the Trierischer Volksfreund titled "Der Anfang von allem" in German.

Reinart's remarks in the Volksfround Forum focus on the presumed beginnings of complex human social organization. Such beginnings are arguably found in interactive communication via the group exchange of information, especially news of the general "goings-on" of fellow humanity, i.e. who is doing what, where, and with whom.  In short, the banal "news" of everyday life. This can be in the form of daily conversation, and, of course, via written material.

Reinhart writes that people are most interested in the doings of other people, especially those not too close to home and in higher social strata, i.e. "out there" in the bigger world. That interest has to do with survival optimization. Knowing "what is doing" is essential knowledge.

The focus is essentially on what has traditionally been called "gossip" (German "Klatsch und Tratsch") and "small talk", an information exchange that in earlier days took place on e.g. the market square, and, according to Reinhart, is an active form of communication that is at the root of modern societal organization in all of its forms. This is definitely a hypothesis worth thinking about.

Reinhart writes at  the Volksfreund Forum as excerpted below (one can translate the quoted text into English or another language of choice at Google Translate):
"Nichts interessiert den Menschen so sehr wie der Mensch. Was der nette Nachbar treibt, ist und bleibt privat. Öffentlich verhandelt werden von alters her die Heldentaten der Reichen, Schönen und Berühmten, ihr Leben, ihr Sterben. Die Irrungen und Wirrungen, die Höhenflüge und Abstürze, die Eskapaden und Skandale. Geld. Macht. Sex.
Nachrichten aus der Abteilung Klatsch und Tratsch. Die einen mögen sie, die anderen mögen sie nicht. Aber wir brauchen sie, erstaunlich genug, alle. Wie kommt’s?

Rückblende, vor siebzigtausend Jahren: Der Homo sapiens ist ein Herdentier und die Kooperation in der Gruppe entscheidend für das Überleben und die Fortpflanzung, sagt der bestsellernde Universalhistoriker Yuval Noah Harari. Dazu reicht es nicht aus, zu wissen, wo sich Löwen und Büffel aufhalten. Es ist viel wichtiger zu wissen, wer in der Gruppe wen nicht leiden kann, wer mit wem schläft, wer ehrlich ist und wer andere beklaut. [link added by LawPundit]

Mit Hilfe von verlässlichen Informationen über zuverlässige Mitmenschen konnten die Sapiens ihre Gruppen stark erweitern, enger miteinander zusammenarbeiten und komplexere Formen der Zusammenarbeit entwickeln, bis hin zu modernen Staaten."
Is Harari right in his fundamental hypothesis? Was interactive "small talk" group communication a significant factor in the evolution of human society and is it integral to developing modern complex forms of interaction and cooperation?

We are still thinking about it.

Thursday, May 30, 2019

Stanford Wins National Championship in Golf : 123rd All Time NCAA Title : In 2019 it Will Win its Incredible 25th Straight Annual Director's Cup as the Top Athletic Program in the Nation

When various ranking services rank colleges and universities in the USA, they appear to forget to take into account the Latin wisdom of "Mens sana in corpore sano" meaning "A healthy mind in a healthy body" viz. "A sound mind in a sound body". College athletics exist to provide students with an opportunity to make that phrase a reality in their lives. Sports are a part of their education.

Not only does Stanford University rank at or near the top of lists that judge the quality of universities and colleges around the world by a host of variables, including of course, and especially, academics, but Stanford is unique in its competitive athletic excellence -- as Stanford this year will again win the Directors' Cup as the top collegiate athletic department in the country in NCAA Division I -- for the 25th straight year -- a record surely without parallel in sports, or elsewhere, for that matter.

Stanford just won the NCAA Division I Golf Championship at Blessings Golf Club in Fayetteville, Arkansas. It was this academic year's (2018-2019) 6th national athletic championship for the Cardinal and 123rd NCAA title overall, both NCAA records (Stanford also won six titles in 1996-1997, so the record was tied).

Stanford national championship teams this season thus (viz. thus far) are women's volleyball, women's swimming, men's gymnastics, women's water polo, women's tennis and men's golf.

As we wrote already in 2017:
"Stanford has won 22 straight Directors' Cups as the leading college and university athletic program in the nation, judged by performance ("Points are awarded based on each institution’s finish in up to 20 sports — 10 women's and 10 men's.")

Stanford also extended to 41 years the Cardinal's streak of at least one national championship per year by winning the 2016 men's soccer and women's volleyball titles. Stanford has won more team and individual titles than any other college. Talk about a culture of excellence!

Stanford's athletic record over the years is all the more astounding given the fact that its major competitors have much larger enrollments. Last year Ohio State finished 2nd in the Learfield competition and ranked first in the nation in student enrollment at 63,016, of which 49,435 were undergraduates. By comparison, Stanford had 6,999 undergraduates (14% of the Buckeye total !).

Surely the outstanding Cardinal athletic record is in part attributable to the independence of Stanford's athletic financing. But you also must have great admission "recruitment". Of the 6999 Stanford undergraduates, about 900 were student-athletes, a very high percentage.

The much larger overall enrollment at large state universities is however not matched by a corresponding percentage of such students-athletes, already because NCAA regulations place limits on the financial aid and scholarships that can be offered.

Ohio State, for example, has somewhat over 1000 student-athletes. In other words, in terms of the number of enrolled student-athletes, Stanford probably matches many much larger universities.

We regularly post about Stanford University athletics because of the sometimes controversial rankings of U.S. colleges and universities published by mainstream media, which generally do not factor athletic programs or things like Silicon Valley into their equations. When those are added, it is difficult to beat Stanford.

In fact, the many college applicants wishing to study at Stanford University have made Stanford The Toughest U.S. College to Get Into -- and that for good reason.

Mens sana in corpore sano -- Latin for "a sound mind in a sound body".

We must add, as a Stanford Law School graduate, that we are of course heavily biased, but we chose Stanford over many other superb law schools. Stanford University is simply unique."
Small wonder then, as reported in scandalous news reports in recent months, that some people are willing to pay millions to get their sons and daughters admitted to top-ranked colleges, such as Stanford.

Excellence and success have a price.

On that note, we take notice here that current German Chancellor Angela Merkel on May 30, 2019 received an honorary doctorate from Harvard University, a Doctor of Laws -- in advance of her keynote address at Harvard's 368th commencement ceremony.

People in America are impressed by her now already famous statement on mastering the migration crisis: (in German) "Wir schaffen das", translated into English "We can do it").

Whatever it takes.

But it must be legal ... and ... "politically correct".

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

KEiiNO, Fred Buljo, Sami Joik & SPIRIT IN THE SKY at Eurovision 2019 as the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis) - A Fantastic Song Wins the Televote

LATER ADDED NOTE (May 22, 2019): EXCELLENT ADDED BACKGROUND MATERIAL AND LINKS are found at Caroline Westbrook's article What is Joik, as heard in Norway’s 2019 Eurovision entry Spirit In the Sky? at Metro.co.uk where Westbrook writes:

"What is Joik, as heard in Spirit In The Sky? Buljo’s mid-song chant (fast-forward to 2:02 to hear it) is a traditional type of song performed by the Sami people – otherwise known as Lapps or Laplanders – who inhabit the Sapmi region, encompassing large parts of Norway and Sweden as well as northern Finland and Murmansk Oblast in north-west Russia. The sound, which has been compared to the chanting of some Native American cultures, is often deeply personal in nature, with each joik meant to reflect or evoke a person, animal or place. Eurovision aside, it’s found its place in popular culture, serving as inspiration for the likes of Disney’s Frozen – with the opening song, Vuelie, heavily influenced by Sami culture."

Read more: https://metro.co.uk/2019/05/16/what-is-joik-as-heard-in-norways-2019-eurovision-entry-spirit-in-the-sky-9375648/?ito=cbshare

Twitter: https://twitter.com/MetroUK | Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MetroUK/"

Now, to our original posting....

For us, the top song of the 2019 Eurovision Song Sontest was Spirit in the Sky (Grand Final Version) by Norway's KEiiNO, a song which won the Europe-wide popular Eurovision televote. For the lyric version, see here.

As written at NewsInEnglish.no (make sure to read the whole article):

"No other country’s entry at the huge if hotly debated Eurovision Song Contest won as many votes from the public as Norway’s trio known as KEiiNO late Saturday night. Two of KEiiNO’s members are crediting their Sami colleague Fred Buljo for catapulting them from 15th- to 5th place in the finals....

KEiiNO singers Tom Hugo and Alexandra Rotan said on Sunday that they were “dedicating” what’s considered a respectable result at Eurovision to their fellow singer Fred Buljo, whose Sami heritage and Sami joik set them apart from all the other entries that often featured wailing vocalists and lots of pyrotechnics."

Fred Buljo is a star! Musically, on stage, he's got it. He sings
Joik viz. Sami joik, one of Europe's oldest song traditions!

As written at NewsInEnglish.no:

"“I’m very proud of my Sami background and culture,” said Buljo, who hails from Kautokeino in Norway’s northernmost county of Finnmark. “This shows that the joik, which is Europe’s oldest song tradition, touches people’s souls.” [emphasis added]
The United Nations is also honouring traditional languages of indigenous peoples this year, with Norway’s Sami Parliament (Sametinget) receiving NOK 1.1 million to boost exposure of the Sami language. “Now we can continue the work to strengthen languages under threat,” Buljo said, adding that he’s involved in production of a “concept album” featuring indigenous languages from around the world."

Norway had in fact already handily won the public vote in the 2nd semifinal sing-off prior to the grand final and could be viewed as the song which reflects the era of our life and times in our climate-change discussion age - an era of Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis) caused by an active sun.

However, Spirit in the Sky was not greatly favored in the so-called jury vote of alleged professional "experts", whose vote in each country was counted as 50% of the "total vote", with the other 50% being comprised by the public vote.

Moreover, the foundation of the jury vote was not based on viewing the actual Grand Final performances of the 26 music participants, but rather on seeing the non-publicly available 2nd general viz. dress rehearsal prior to the Grand Final, which is not identical to the Grand Final, as changes are made. You can't make this kind of thing up. Basing 50% of the result of a finals race on a non-public evaluation of a preliminary heat? Not a good standard of judgment in our estimation. A final is always different than the prelims.

This strange system leads in each country to an extremely small not necessarily qualified group of people in a so-called "jury" picking their personal song favorites and, as in 2019, taking the win away from the most popular song in favor of some other song "technically" preferred as an individual matter of taste. Really, we could care less about a jury for music. The public buys music and listens to it. That should be the standard. The public vote, not a jury vote. Polls don't win elections, the actual VOTE OF THE PUBLIC does.

A good example of a jury in 2019 was Germany, consisting of only five persons - singers or people in the music business, with varying degrees of success.

The German public
in their Grand Final televote
picked Norway as the winner.

The German jury of five viewing the Dress Rehearsal
voted for Italy as the winner.

If the two are added, Italy then "won" the German vote, 18-17, as the jury did not vote well for Norway. Spirit in the Sky was a song that did not necessarily relate to the musical experiences of the German jury.

The net result of the Eurovision voting was that the Netherlands won the total vote, after winning neither the popular televote nor the jury vote overall.

Egad! What a potentially faulty system.

We repeat: For us, the top song of the 2019 Eurovision Song Sontest was Spirit in the Sky (Grand Final Version) by Norway's KEiiNO, a song which won the Europe-wide popular Eurovision televote. For the lyric version, see here.
There are several other versions available online at YouTube.

History of Russia: The Romanovs100 AR [Augmented Reality] Family Photo Album Shortlisted at D&AD 2019 Design Awards #Romanovs100

We try to read all relevant news, left, center and right, and ran across this interesting historical item today at RT.com, highlighting a remarkable augmented reality photo album of the Romanovs, the last family to occupy the throne of the former Russian monarchy.

RT (formerly Russia Today) writes:

"#Romanovs100 AR [Augmented Reality] Family Photo Album has been shortlisted for one of the world’s most prestigious design awards – D&AD 2019. The book was published following RT’s history project dedicated to Russia’s last reigning royal family.

To celebrate the achievement, the book is now available for free download HERE. Unlock the album’s full potential by downloading a free iOS app that not only goes with the print edition, but also works with the digital version. Download the app HERE.

#Romanovs100 reviewed the last decades of the Russian Empire as seen through the lenses of the Romanov family’s cameras using accounts on four social networks. Each platform showcased its own narrative, format and content. With the album, #Romanovs100 combines the visual language of photography with AR tech to create an interactive history book featuring the humane story and unique photographic legacy of Russia’s last tsar, Nicholas II. This extended reality breaks the ‘fourth wall’ of storytelling providing for side-narratives, archive video, 3D visualisations and more.

See below for the appropriate download and other links:

https://www.rt.com/news/459873-romanovs100-dandad-awards-shortlist/ . RT Question More #Romanovs100 AR photo album shortlisted at D&AD 2019 design awards

A New Political Era Has Dawned - Tyler Cowen on the Political Movement to the Right Worldwide

"The New Right Is Beating the New Left. Everywhere"
is the title of Bloomberg columnist Tyler Cowen's opinion piece
on the Australian election and the world political situation.

Cowen states that he is "rooting for a resurgence of centrist cosmopolitanism" but admits that he has to "try to be honest about how my ideas are doing in the world. And in the last few weeks, I've seen a lot of evidence that a new political era truly is upon us." [link added by LawPundit]

We might add that Cowen in the linked article could serve as a journalistic role model for mainstream journalism and for politicians and voters everywhere, in looking to the EVIDENCE of what is happening, rather than to what people want to happen based on their own circumscribed views or fixed political preferences.

When the political pendulum swings, it is often an unstoppable force.
Calling this development "populism" merely clouds the real issues.

Rather, one must look to the causes of the political swing to the right in attendant political, social, legal and economic developments.

Wednesday, May 15, 2019

Chris Aire Watches : The Parlay Collection

We like the design of these Chris Aire watches.

This is not an ad but our own honest opinion.
Hat tip to Robb Report.

Monday, May 13, 2019

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh Aligns With the Correct Side on Apple Inc. v. Pepper ( ) 846 F. 3d 313, affirmed

Bravo U.S. Supreme Court and Justice Kavanaugh on the correct decision in the case of Apple Inc. v. Pepper (pdf), just decided today, Monday, May 13, 2019!

"Conservative" Justice Kavanaugh has taken the lead -- together with the so-called "liberal" Justices on the Supreme Court -- in setting the proper stage for the future of technology and the legal obligation of tech companies not to gouge customers via monopolistic prices and practices.

Surprisingly, Chief Justice Roberts, usually a judge applying a lot of common sense to controversial cases before the Court, badly dropped the ball and sided with the hopelessly backward minority in not voting against what anyone can see is clear price gouging by Apple - its modus operandi. We would describe Apple's arguments in this case as obfuscatory piffle paffle.

See the case documents to APPLE INC. v. PEPPER ( ) 846 F. 3d 313, affirmed, at the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School.

The tech company Apple has been a proprietary-oriented company from its very beginnings -- which is the main reason this user does not buy or use Apple's vastly overpriced viz. overcharged monopoly-based products.

It is indeed high time that the antitrust laws be brought to bear strongly on tech company monopolistic prices and business practices, not just at Apple.

There is vast commentary online already about this case.
See e.g. these reports:

Adam Liptak and Jack Nicas at The New York Times at
Supreme Court Allows Antitrust Lawsuit Against Apple to Proceed

Noah Feldman at BNN Bloomberg at
Kavanaugh Takes a Shot at Apple, and Big Tech Should Take Note

Ian Millhiser at Think Progress at
Surprise! Kavanaugh joins liberal justices in 5-4 decision

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Kavanaugh Appears with Retired Justice Kennedy and Talks about Founder-Unforeseen Technology, the Future of Constitutional Law, and Judicial Civility

Brett M. Kavanaugh just made his first major appearance since his confirmation as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice. He appeared with retired Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, whose seat Kavanaugh now occupies on the nation's highest court.

Debra Cassens Weiss reports at the ABA Journal at
In first major appearance since confirmation, Kavanaugh stresses civility and independence.

Kavanaugh's comments about Constitutional Law in the face of a technological future not foreseen by the country's founders are especially of interest, given the curious attempt of some judges to apply the U.S. Constitution as the ancient founders saw it in an era devoid of the technology that dominates the world today.

U.S Supreme Court Justices Kavanaugh and Gorsuch Part Their Sometimes Twin Ways

The virtually "twin backgrounds" of Justices Kavanaugh and Gorsuch and their judicial parting of ways on the U.S. Supreme Court is examined by Adam Liptak at the New York Times.

Justice Kavanaugh has been leaning in his decisions toward the powerful center of the Court and the common sense jurisprudence of Chief Justice Roberts, while Justice Gorsuch has aligned himself with dogmatic originalism and its non-critical legally lazy originalist "formula" thinking.

Kavanaugh would appear to have the better long-term approach to law and legal precedent and is the positive surprise of the two new Justices.

Gorsuch puts his own dogmatic peremptory ideas about law, especially via his self-centered flowery judicial writing, much more into the forefront, and has the makings of a "fringe" judge destined to make less of a practical impact on the Court than Kavanaugh.

Hat tip to CaryGEE.

Saturday, May 04, 2019

The Eye of Horus Marked at Abydos in the Stars as the North Celestial Pole

The Eye of Horus is marked in the stars at Abydos to represent the eternal celestial eye at the North Celestial Pole. This decipherment is more or less indisputable, given our previous postings. Abydos shows us the origin of this symbol as a "sky" marker and later hieroglyph, which points correctly to the right and not to the left as erroneously found in Gardiner's hieroglyph sign list.

The Eye of Horus in the Stars Marked at Abydos as the North Celestial Pole
(click on the graphic for a larger image in case your graphic appears too small)


Note please that this posting follows the immediately previous postings, which should be consulted for full understanding. For further background, see also my article The Origin of the Cult of Horus in Predynastic Egypt 

The underlying star map above is via the astronomy software Starry Night Pro. We have added the labels and the drawing of the Eye of Horus within the stars.

Our drawing of the Eye of Horus above is based on an image online by Jeff Dahl at the link  https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eye_of_Horus_Right.svg, Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0), who writes:
"Eye of Horus (right eye). Following the sources, it must be the right eye (the left eye that is the original image has another meaning)."
The Wikipedia writes at Eye of Horus:
"The Eye of Horus was represented as a hieroglyph, designated D10 in Gardiner's sign list. It is represented in the Unicode character block for Egyptian hieroglyphs as U+13080 (𓂀)."
The left orientation of Gardiner's D10 is in error.

In fact, the Egyptologists over time have gotten the Eye of Horus backward, facing left, when it should properly be shown facing to the right, as it is actually found in the stars.

It is only later that the original meaning of the hieroglyph to mark the North Celestial Pole became confused with Ra, after its true meaning had been lost.

As written at Ancient Egypt Online:
"According to later traditions, the right eye represented the sun and so is called the “Eye of Ra” while the left represented the moon and was known as the “eye of Horus” (although it was also associated with Thoth)." [emphasis added]
The Eye of Horus mirrors lines shaped by stars around "the eye" in heaven, but those lines were in all probability also intended to represent similar eyelines of the lanner or peregrine falcon. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horus.

In any case, based on our decipherment as published in this posting, it is now possible to understand the initial significance of the Eye of Horus in the stars in predynastic Egypt at the inception of Pharaonic civilization. It marked the North Celestial Pole as the center of heaven.

Saturday, April 13, 2019

Abydos As Above, So Below: Google Earth Coordinates Corrected for the Tumps Representing Stars Near the North Celestial Pole

Please note that we have corrected the coordinates
for the base Google Earth image in the previous posting!
(corrected April 12, 2019)

The correct coordinates for the image made November 7, 2018 are:
Google Earth 26°10'01.38N 31°54'36.72E
cross-checked at the online "Earth 3D Map"

which converts to 26°10'01.4"N 31°54'36.7"E and 
is found online at
with the coordinate point at ca. the middle of the "eye-shaped" stars....

See the previous posting.

Sunday, April 07, 2019

Abydos Ground Plan as Astronomy: Incontrovertible Proof on the Ground: "Tumps" Mark Stars at the North Celestial Pole ca 3360 BC

Please note that we have corrected the coordinates
for the base Google Earth image! (April 12, 2019)

The correct coordinates for the image made November 7, 2018 are:
Google Earth 26°10'01.38N 31°54'36.72E
crosschecked at the online "Earth 3D Map"

which converts to 26°10'01.4"N 31°54'36.7"E and is found online at
with the coordinate point at ca. the middle of the "eye-shaped" stars....


We present here incontrovertible proof that the original ground plan of Abydos and its associated predynastic funerary significance was astronomical viz. (for religious purposes) "heavenly" viz. "heaven-centered" in nature.

As we have deciphered in past postings, the Processional Valley at Abydos marks the (tail) stars of Draco and ends at the North Celestial Pole.

Are there any stars marked there on the ground in hermetic fashion, i.e. "as above, so below"?

Let us take a look at that area on the ground via Google Earth, which is the image below into which we have included the latitude and longitude settings so that one can find this area of our planet more easily:

Image clip (below) Google Earth 2018 at 26°10'01.38"N 31°54'36.72"E

(please click on the image to view a larger graphic) 

The round objects are like "tumps" or similar markings on the ground.

What caught our eye particularly in the above image were the group of tumps on the ground in an "eye-shape" towards the center right, a figure comparable to star positions that we recognized (26°10'01.38"N 31°54'36.72"E). Were those the positions of some stars near the North Celestial Pole ca. 3000 BC?

The image below is a clip from Starry Night Pro of the possibly comparable stars represented by the Abydos image above. See if you can find an eye-shaped comparable figure in these stars, just below the North Celestial Pole in 3360 BC.

Image clip (below) via Starry Night Pro
of the stars near the North Celestial Pole in 3360 BC

(please click on the image to view a larger graphic)

 Now look at the Abydos ground plan next to the allegedly comparable stars.

Image clip (below) of the Comparable Stars (via Starry Night Pro)
next to the "Tumps" on the Ground at Abydos at a Position we have previously identified as marking the North Celestial Pole 3360 BC

 26°10'01.38"N 31°54'36.72"E
(please click on the image to view a larger graphic
so that you can see the clear correspondence match)

Is that a match? ABSOLUTELY.

ABSOLUTELY. It is obvious.

We post these materials online, by the way, because we are interested in how the historical past of humankind actually was, and not how it is erroneously portrayed by errant mainstreamers, who are on the wrong path.

We have little hope of reaching the minds of financially established academic researchers in these fields because their minds are apparently closed and their pocketbooks full. God forgive them. "Pocketbooks" is used here in the broader sense to include things like "academic reputation" and the "years invested", all of which people are of course unwilling to give up by changing their course.

We DO reach out however to new, young minds in historical fields who are at least willing to consider astronomical solutions in their researches.
You do not have to agree, but you should at least LOOK. LOOK.

The probative evidence for the importance of astronomy to prehistoric humankind and the instances pointing to "heavenly" veneration of the stars by ancient cultures is overwhelming ... OVERWHELMING!

Religion did not start in a day and God is "in heaven" and not elsewhere for a reason. The ancients revered the starry sky and that is where they put their gods. It took thousands of years for our modern "heaven-oriented" beliefs to develop out of that. Why is this probative evidence ignored?

P.S. We continue on, nevertheless.
Do you see the profile of a Pharaoh-like person (with elongated beard) in the background of the Google Earth image above, facing right? There are more such man-made "figures" at Abydos. We shall present them in subsequent postings.

Friday, April 05, 2019

Abydos Boats, Umm El-Qaab, KKB, Kochab, Stars, Cepheus, Ursa Minor, Ursa Major, Cassiopeia, Draco and the Mother of Pots of Mainstream Bad Archaeology Lost in Yesteryear

Question: Why have we titled this posting "Abydos Boats, Umm El-Qaab, KKB, Kochab, Stars, Cepheus, Ursa Minor, Ursa Major, Cassiopeia, Draco and the Mother of Pots of Mainstream Bad Archaeology Lost in Yesteryear"?

Answer: Because the ancient predynastic Pharaonic Egyptian funerary site Umm El-Qaab epitomizes the wayward wrong path that mainstream Archaeology and related disciplines have been taking since their inception in their misunderstanding of the nature of the early history of Ancient Egypt.
The historical disciplines, lost in pots, have totally missed their boats, as it were, by failing viz. refusing to ask the simple question of whether much of what has been found in prehistory could be related to ancient religious beliefs as tied to the veneration of the stars above -- "in heaven" as it were.

According to current mainstream dogma, the name of Umm El-Qaab viz. Umm El Gaʻab, is (erroneously) traced to the Arabic term qa-ab "small bowl" and thus the site name is transliterated "Mother of Pots" because of all the ancient pot sherds found in the area and purportedly arising from offerings to the gods. But why here? People in Egyptology call their current view "science". We call it "folk etymology" and unsubstantiated guessing.

Aimo Edvard (Edward) Murtonen (1924-1996),
often written simplified with the initial A. Murtonen, formerly Department of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Melbourne, who was a student of Paul E. Kahle, University of Bonn, Germany,
in Section Bb, page 226 of
Hebrew in Its West Semitic Setting: A Comparative Survey of Non-Masoretic Hebrew Dialects and Traditions. Part 1. A Comparative Lexicon Volume 3 Sections Bb. Root System: Comparative Material and Discussions. Sections C, D and E: Numerals under 100, Pronouns and Particles, Hebrew MaterialSeries: Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics, a massive work described as "This ... lexical part of the work ... contains comparative material to the root system from cognate languages, including sixteen Semitic and three Cushitic fairly well represented languages as well as Tuareg, Hausa, old Egyptian and Coptic quoted systematically; Omotic; Berber other than Tuareg, and Chadic other than Hausa likewise as groups; other Semitic and Cushitic less regularly; etymological and semantic comments follow dictionary entries; phonological discussion, including an attempt at the determination of pre-Semitic phonemes on the basis of actual attestation, is mainly concentrated in the introduction...."

has the following entry for the consonantal combination "KB":

"Phoen /kkb/ star; Ug /kbkb/ (pl. /kbkbm/, /kkbm/) =; Aram /kowkb/ = ; Syr /kawkb/ = ; Amor /kabkab/ = ; Akk /kakkab/ = ; Arab /kawkab/ =, constellation; ESA /kwkb/ star .... Etymology uncertain; Aram etc. /kbb/ seems to mean primarily roasting rather than just burning...."

The above term has its Indo-European comparable, e.g. Latvian kūp- kūpt, written by Mühlenbachs-Endzelins as kûpt, kûpstu, kûpu meaning "qualmen, dampfen, rauchen" ... with the variants kvēp-, kvēpu "qualmen, rauchen". In English the best translation is perhaps a "fuming fire", as the ancients apparently originally viewed the stars, i.e. as red-hot wood-burning campfires.

Adding to our previous postings on the Abydos Boats as marking stars at the Harbor of Cepheus ...
... we can now view that central portion of the starry sky in a larger context at Abydos as follows, demonstrating that Umm El-Qaab marks the stars of Ursa Minor (with Qaab arguably specifically equivalent to Kochab) ... the curving Processional Way marking the stars of Draco and arguably the North Celestial Pole. In addition, the stars of Ursa Major and Cassiopeia are also marked on the ground surface in hermetic fashion by edifices, i.e. "as above, so below". Here is our composite decipherment of Abydos and Umm El-Qaab as marking the stars at the center of heaven and thus being the funerary center of predynastic Egypt. There are three images -- 1) the ground plan, 2) the corresponding stars, and 3) the composite ground plan and sky.

Image 1 (below): Abydos and Umm El-Qaab Ground Plan

Image 2 (below): Abydos and Umm El-Qaab Corresponding Stars

Abydos and Umm El-Qaab Composite Ground Plan and Sky

(Please click on the image to obtain a larger graphic)

We thus do not have the banal "Mother of Pots" at Umm El-Qaab, as the pot-geeked archaeologists and related professions would have us believe, but rather, we have the "Father of Fumes", as it were, the Midheaven of Stars.

Since the astronomical nature of Abydos is thus made quite crystal clear by this decipherment, all the disciplines involved in trying to understand mankind's ancient history will have to abandon the misunderstood paths they have been following up to now, and will now have to follow the true hermetic path, "as above, so below". That is the origin of our (humankind's) "heavenly" beliefs, indeed, long before the Pharaohs.

Wednesday, April 03, 2019

Brexit: Friedman at the New York Times Gets it Right: The United Kingdom Has Gone Mad

Thomas Friedman has it right at the New York Times in his opinion piece on Brexit: The United Kingdom Has Gone Mad. The subtitle tells it all: "The problem with holding out for a perfect Brexit plan is that you can’t fix stupid." Sad but true.

Hat tip to CaryGEE.

Monday, April 01, 2019

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Use of Copyrighted Materials Online Subject to New Stricter European Licensing Rules for Technology Firms

Europe is making it tougher for the online use of copyrighted materials by tech companies.

See Adam Satariano at the New York Times and his article

Europe Adopts Tough New Online Copyright Rules Over Tech Industry Protests

Wednesday, March 06, 2019

The Abydos Boats Docked in the "Harbor" of Cepheus in terms of their Egyptian Site Location Representing the Stars

In our previous posting titled

Abydos Boats and Enclosures Mark the Stars of Cepheus, One of the Argonauts Immortalized in the Stars: Are These The Boats of Jason and his Minyans?

we showed that the Abydos Boats are "docked" at the "harbor" of Cepheus, which is marked in a figure at the Dolmen viz. Tumulus of Mane Lud Locmariaquer in Morbihan, France. See our previous posting on The Dolmen viz. Tumulus of Mane Lud viz. Mané Lud Locmariaquer Morbihan France Deciphered as Marking the Stars of the Vernal Equinox ca. 4320 BC.

The following graphic arguably shows why those boats were docked at Cepheus in ca. 3360 BC, being at a central astronomical location in the era of 3360 BC, not just in terms of the Milky Way, but also with regard to the North Galactic Pole, the North Ecliptic Pole, the North Celestial Pole, and the Winter Solstice, all of which are located on a line that sets off the Cepheus harbor.

We thus consider the era of 3360 BC to be a likely date for the real voyage of the legendary Jason and the Argonauts, coinciding with the start of protodynastic Egypt.

This may relate to the influx of "Gerzeh Culture" into Egypt.

As written in the Wikipedia: "Some symbols on Gerzeh pottery resemble traditional Egyptian hieroglyphs, which were contemporaneous with the proto-cuneiform script of Sumer."

Please click on the graphic below to obtain a larger, more readable image.

The general topic of ancient seafarers also has to do with significant changes in the European genetic picture, which changed dramatically ca. 4500 B.C., about the same time that we claim that the megalithic calendar was instituted in 4320 BC.

See Ker Than, Modern Europe's Genetic History Starts in Stone Age, National Geographic News, in which the sub-headline is that "Scientists create the first detailed genetic history of modern Europe".

As Ker Than writes:
"DNA recovered from ancient skeletons reveals that the genetic makeup of modern Europe was established around 4,500 B.C. in the mid-Neolithic...."

The Tumulus viz. Dolmen of Mane Lud viz. Mané Lud Locmariaquer Morbihan France Deciphered as Marking the Stars of the Vernal Equinox ca. 4320 BC

Given the content of our immediately previous postings we are now in a position to present our decipherment of the Dolmen viz. Tumulus of Mane Lud viz. Mané Lud Locmariaquer of Morbihan, France, which is located on the highest point of Locmariaquer, a port at the entrance to the Gulf of Morbihan, a natural harbor, surely used by the ancients who erected the megalithic sites in the area.

We have deciphered that the various markings found on the Dolmen viz. Tumulus Mané Lud viz. Mane Lud Locmariaquer represent stars at or near the Vernal Equinox in ca. 4320 BC between the stars of Gemini and Auriga, and that the specific figure marked on the dolmen that many have thought to be "boats" in fact ARE boats, and, indeed, our decipherment shows that they are docked above Cassiopeia in the harbor of Cepheus in the stars, as that harbor has been previously identified regarding the Abydos Boats.
It is a nice confirmation of our previous analysis of this whole subject matter.

We can say, however, that Mané Lud does not have the figure of a spouting whale marked on it, but rather that figure represents a "tree of life"-type figure (Germanic Irminsul) seen by the ancients between the stars of Gemini and Auriga, due to its shape as the mammalian female reproductive organ, but not so recognized by modern scholars. Just enter the keywords "female reproductive organ whale" into Google and you can then locate the comparable image.

The following graphics show our view of the most prominent lines on the Tumulus of Mané Lud Locmariaquer and our decipherment of those lines as marking stars at and near the Vernal Equinox in ca. 4320 BC.

The Dolmen viz. Tumulus
Mané Lud of Locmariaquer, Morbihan, France

Please click on the graphic to obtain a larger image

Decipherment by Andis Kaulins of the Dolmen viz. Tumulus
Mané Lud of Locmariaquer, Morbihan, France

Please click on the graphic to obtain a larger image

Many things authenticate this decipherment. Just look at the hair, tied in a bun at the side, and the many unusual small details carved on stone that match similar unusual groups of shapes in the actual stars.
For example, loook at the forehead of the figure.

In any case, I was at Carnac and Locmariaquer in the year 2000,
here at the Hotel Celtique, located between the two.

I thought I had deciphered some of the Carnac megaliths at that time, finding that the front row of stones seemed to measure stars along the Galactic Equator. Apparently, the ancients were dealing with the starry consequences of precession. However, I have not been back to Carnac or Locmariaquer since then. One can not do everything, and I am happy to have been there once.

Monday, March 04, 2019

Megalithic Eras of Construction in Europe Manifest a 480-Year Calendric Cycle Determined by Astronomy and Precession of the Equinoxes

In 4320 BC, the Autumn Equinox in the stars was located "at" (modernly "near") the Galactic Center of our Galaxy near Alnasl, gamma2 Sagittarii, or, alternatively, 3 Sagittarii), with the arrowhead of the arrow of the bow of Sagittarius pointing to that galactic center. Modernly, the spout of the "teapot" asterism of Sagittarius points in that same galaxy-centered direction.

Such a central Autumn Equinox location in the stars would surely appear to be a likely reason for the presumed choice of the date 4320 BC as a calendric landmark by the ancients. Some of our still "modern" constellations of the Zodiac may have been "drawn" then, for the arrow of Sagittarius points to the Galactic Center, and was surely so intended by the ancient constellation makers, with the arrowhead placed at gamma-2 Sagittarii by historical tradition although 3 Sagittarii might be a better and closer candidate for the original placement.

We would then expect the following major calendar reform dates somewhere in the C14 record, idealized to conform to 240, 480, 960, and 1440-year intervals, with 240-year intervals also in evidence e.g. at the (by us) presumed 3117 BC start of the dynastic Pharaonic Egyptian Calendar and the  ca. 237 BC Restoration of the Etruscan Secular Games, an interval of 2880 years.
4320 BC - 3840 BC - 3360 BC - 2880 BC etc.
Here is what we find in the older calibrated radiocarbon dates of Europe in Paulsson's article, as we take "averages" of dates per location to show the above identified idealized intervals, whereas the actual dates need not exactly correspond to the above dates, but they are close:

4320 BC - a "Megalithic" Calendar is Instituted
The 1st surge viz. "wave" of megalith building:4320 BC

Please click on the graphic below for a larger image.

Averaging the calibrated radiocarbon dates shows them to be close:

Western France (Carnac)
4794 + 3999 = 8793 / 2 = 4396 BC
4770 + 4034 = 8804 / 2 = 4402 BC
Southern Spain/France
4722 + 4068 = 8890 / 2 = 4445 BC
4581 + 4267 = 8848 / 2 = 4424 BC
4733 + 3986 = 8719 / 2 = 4360 BC
4327 + 4266 = 8593 / 2 = 4297 BC

3840 BC - 480 years later than 4320 BC - 120-Day Calender Reform
The 2nd surge viz. "wave" of megalith building: 3840 BC
  • the Autumn Equinox in the Stars has moved North to the stars of Ophiuchus, but is still in the Milky Way
  • measurement on Earth is moved to conform to that new location (Scotland, Ireland, England and Wales), with the flower of Ophiuchus marked in the hair of a large female profile on Long Meg
  • this date conforms to the Hebrew Calender, which is said to start on 3760 BC, but at "the Creation" it is said that "80 years is a day" -- a one-day error there ? -- so that 3840 BC is possible.
Please click on the graphic below for a larger image.

Averaging the calibrated radiocarbon dates shows them to be close:

4295 + 3495 = 7790 / 2 = 3895 BC
3800 + 3560 = 7360 / 2 = 3680 BC
3885 + 3440 = 7325 / 2 = 3663 BC
3715 + 3530 = 7245 / 2 = 3623 BC
England and Wales
3971 + 3805 = 7776 / 2 = 3888 BC
3960 + 3880 = 7840 / 2 = 3920 BC

3360 BC - 480 years later than 3840 BC - 120-Day Calender Reform
The 3rd surge viz. "wave" of megalith building: 3360 BC
  • the Autumn Equinox in the Stars has moved Northeast to the edge of the Milky Way between Ophiuchus and Scorpio near 24 Ophiuchi
  • this is marked by the glyphs of King Scorpion of Egypt, with Ophiuchus as a "flower" in the hair of the figure above Scorpio - also seen on "Long Meg" and her daughters in Scotland (cf. Latvian Mīlenbaha - Endzelīna latviešu valodas vārdnīca: "puķe ... auch puķis, Demin. puķītis ... 1) die Blume" [= "flower"])
  • measurement on Earth is moved to conform to that location (Sweden, Norway, Denmark, North Germany, Netherlands)
  • start of the protodynastic period, Gerzeh Culture in Egypt - likely involving a migrated seafaring people, based on an analysis of predynastic rock drawings of boats in the wadis, e.g. the Wadi Abu Subeira or Wadi Hammamat
Please click on the graphic below for a larger image.

Averaging the calibrated radiocarbon dates shows them to be close:
Sweden, Norway
3635 + 3112 = 6747 / 2 = 3374 BC
3619 + 3351 = 6970 / 2 = 3485 BC
3504 + 3349 = 6853 / 2 = 3427 BC
3409 + 3364 = 6773 / 2 = 3387 BC
3500 + 3300 = 6800 / 2 = 3400 BC
North Germany
3475 + 3417 = 6892 / 2 = 3446 BC
3400 + 3050 = 6450 / 2 = 3225 BC

2880 BC - 480 years later than 3360 - 120-Day Calender Reform
The 4th surge viz. "wave" of megalith building: 2880 BC
  • the Autumn Equinox in the Stars has moved further North, to the head stars of Scorpio, and now finds itself outside of the stars of the Milky Way
  • the hieroglyphs in the serekh of Khasekhemy's name show two downward arrows as arguably signs for the Equinox-balanced Autumn Equinox, with the Falcon and Seth, as Ursa Minor and Ursa Major, Latvian siet-iņš, "the sieve", erroneously identified in Milenbachs-Endzelins as a different group of seven stars, sitting above the rectangle of the serekh, where the latter two in this era face each other across the Celestial Meridian.

Belgium, North France
3013 + 2626 = 5639 / 2 = 2830 BC
2918 + 2696 = 5614 / 2 = 2807 BC

2400 BC - 480 years later than 2880 BC - 120-Day Calender Reform
The 5th surge viz. "wave" of megalith building: 2400 BC
  • the Autumn Equinox has moved just beyond the head of Scorpio toward the stars of Libra, well outside the Milky Way, while the Vernal Equinox is between the stars of the Hyades and the Pleiades
It is at ca. 2400 BC that we find use of the Temples of Malta to come to an end. See Caroline Malone, Nathaniel Cutajar, T. Rowan McLaughlin, Bernardette Mercieca-Spiteri, Anthony Pace, Ronika K. Power, Simon Stoddart, Sharon Sultana, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Elaine Dunbar, Alex Bayliss, Frances Healy, Alasdair Whittle, Island questions: the chronology of the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra, Gozo, and its significance for the Neolithic sequence on Malta, Archaeol Anthropol Sci [Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences pp 1–56] (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00790-y, first online 20 February 2019. Are we "current"? Ja, ja, ja.

Above is a photograph of the present author, Andis Kaulins, at the Temples of Malta, here at the famed Temple of Tarxien in 1986, at age 40, a photo on the back cover of my book, Ancient Signs, The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing, as published at www.epubli.de, ISBN 9783844220179. Way back when, 32 years ago, I saw that these temples were astronomical in orientation and nature. Verily.

The gap between the upper and lower values of these dates is so large that there is no point in taking averages. Obviously, "apples and oranges" have been mixed in the data. The maximum outer dates are the relatively correct ones.
Conclusion. Please take it for what it is worth.

For any given academic problem or mystery, there are always various possible solutions that must be examined, nothing wrong with that.

However, for best results, one cannot permit preconcpetions and "school of thought" paradigms to automatically limit the scope of examination or research.

In the case of Archaeology, especially as regards the study of the prehistoric and ancient past, ancient astronomy must be included in the scope of possible explanations for the data and evidence at hand.

Otherwise, scientists are just simply wasting their time, and will never get closer to the truth of  human history. You have to be on the right road to get there.

Ancient men were stargazers, who used the movement of the stars to develop their first concepts of science and religion. Astronomy was their most important guiding "sky earth" preoccupation ... not pottery. Just sayin':

As Bertand Russell wrote in Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits:
"Astronomy is the oldest of the sciences,
and the contemplation of the heavens,
with their periodic regularities,
gave men their first conceptions of natural law."
Don't forget it.