"Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he."
-- Proverbs 29:18, King James Bible (KJV)

Thursday, December 27, 2018

The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone: Side 1 and Side 2 Deciphered as Astronomy

The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone Sides 1 and 2 Deciphered - see the previous posting for more information. Our drawing of our decipherment is below (click on the pic for a larger version):




The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone: Side 3 Deciphered as Astronomy

The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone Side 3 Deciphered - see the LawPundit previous posting on this topic for more information. Our drawing of our decipherment is below (click on the pick for a larger version):



The Ancient Hematite "Crayon Pencil Stone" Recently Found in the Denisova Cave of the Siberian Altai Mountains of Russia Perhaps Points to an Astronomical Alignment ca. 43400 B.C.

The Siberian Times of December 12, 2018 in an article titled
"Ancient coloured "pencil" up to 50,000 years old found in Siberia" <https://siberiantimes.com/science/casestudy/news/ancient-coloured-pencil-up-to-50000-years-old-found-in-siberia/>
reports the sensational find in the Summer of 2018 of a small hematite stone in the southern gallery of the famed Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains of Siberia, Russia,
a discovery announced by Professor Mikhail Shunkov,
head of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography,
Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
[SBRAS Institute of Archeology and Ethnography.]

Based on photographs online of the so-called "Cave Pencil Stone"
made by the SBRAS Institute of Archeology and Ethnography
and found in The Siberian Times,
we have been able to decipher the hematite stone as astronomy,
and present our decipherments as drawings in forthcoming postings
with corresponding stars identified on the three stone "sides" as prominent stars of adjoining celestial regions, and with the main axis of Side 1 showing stars along the Celestial Meridian and Galactic Equator.

The Siberian Times reporter of 12 December 2018 wrote that the archaeologists have suggested that the stone was a "crayon pencil stone", quoting them:
  • "This summer we made a unique find for Denisova Cave. We call it a 'pencil', it has a natural pigment - hematite, which prehistoric artists, used for different art, while living in the cave."
  • "The piece of hematite was processed."
  • "Cave-dwellers used hematite crayon for art work in Altai Mountains...."
  • "The crayon was used to make reddish brown marks." 
  • "We cannot say how exactly it was used, but we believe it was for some artistic purpose. We previously found similar 'pencils' at Karabom Paleolithic site, some 120 kilometres from Denisova Cave. So far we do not know other similar finds, but we hope there will be more."
We do not challenge the archaeologists' interpretation of the use of the hematite stone for artistic purposes, which use may well have taken place,
-- indeed -- our suggested use of the stone is surely "artistic" in a way.

We have identified marks and figures on the stone in drawings and we interpret them to show that the stone had astronomical purposes, perhaps simply astronomical recordation, or for use as a "pocket map" of the stars, or indeed, for making astronomical drawings on stone, as another possibility, of course.

Significantly, perhaps, our drawings seem to permit an astronomical interpretation of the pencil stone which would date it to ca. 43400 B.C., i.e. close to the estimated archaeological date of the layer in the cave where the stone was found, which the archaeologists say is 45,000 to 50,000 years ago.

Normally, we would never accept -- and in the past have NEVER accepted -- such an early date for cave paintings or astronomical stones, also not in the prehistoric caves in France. It seems simply too far back in time for this kind of complex astronomy. Moreover, we always ask, if advanced technology is alleged to exist way back when, what happened in the interim period? There should be a clear, continuous record of use and improvement of any high technology allegedly known in ancient eras. Accordingly, we remain very skeptical of the early date, though the astronomy itself appears to be possible, so who knows?

We must say, just for the record, that we would prefer a date of something like ca. 17480 B.C., one Platonic Year later, i.e. 43400 minus 25920 years, or even much later than that, but we must accept the archaeological dating of the layer in which the stone was found, which is 45,000 and 50,000 years ago, though we retain the possible explanation that the stone was buried into a layer that was older than the era of origin of the stone's use by man for astronomical purposes.

Our astronomical decipherment of the stone suggests that the "processed" stone in the era of its origin may have been used -- as judged by stars and prominent marks for certain sections of the sky -- to record a singular celestial alignment -- on ONE line, or colure -- of the North Celestial Pole, the North Ecliptic Pole, the North Galactic Pole, and the Solstices, in ca. 43400 B.C., together with the near identity viz. close proximity of the virtually parallel lines drawn by the Celestial Meridian and the Galactic Equator in that era. The ancients may have seen this as the "fundamental" alignment of the stellar universe.

The stars and stellar regions marked on the crayon pencil stone are as follows in our decipherment, presented in figures in forthcoming postings (posted separately for easier graphics management):

SIDE 1: The stars running along the Galactic Equator (Milky Way), i.e. Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cygnus, including to the left of that the right stars of Andromeda and Pegasus, with a small diamond-shape on the pencil stone marking the diamond-shaped star group at pi-Cygni and pointing toward the North Celestial Pole in that era
SIDE 2: The stars of Ursa Minor, Draco, Lyra, and Hercules
SIDE 3: The Stars of Ursa Major, Boötes, Corona Borealis, and Virgo

We do not enter here the current discussion of who the users of the stone may have been: Homo Sapiens, Denisovians, Neanderthals, cross-breds, sub-species, etc. Obviously, given the complexity of the astronomy, we do see in the marks and figures on the stone the forebears of modern human astronomy.

____________________________

Hat tip to Stone Pages Archaeo News, 19 December 2018, at
Ancient 'pencil' up to 50,000 years old found in Siberia


Monday, December 24, 2018

Robert Frost's "Snowy Woods", Willa Cather's "Nebraska", "Mickey Mouse" and More: The Great Public Domain Surge in 2019 for Works Copyrighted in 1923: Law and Culture Frozen in Time

2019 will be a banner year for the release of works copyrighted in 1923, originally scheduled for release to public domain status in 1999, but protected as of 1998 for another 20 years by the passage of the ill-conceived Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, which extended copyright protection for another 20 years in order to benefit the financial interests of greedy copyright holders.

The Act thus froze public access to works published in 1923, thus creating a 20-year generational shortchange, so Brewster Kahle, founder of the Internet Archive who states: "The 20th century is largely missing from the Internet."

Glenn Fleishman has the story at Smithsonian Magazine in For the First Time in More Than 20 Years, Copyrighted Works Will Enter the Public Domain

One work that now finally passes into the public domain is Willa Cather's "Nebraska", published in 1923 in The Nation, where, as Fleishman writes,

"[Willa Cather] laments the cultural and economic homogenization in her beloved state" and sets the stage for the technological transformation of the U.S.A. in the 20th century."

Leila C. Nadir at Cather.UNL.edu in Time Out of Place: Modernity and the Rise of Environmentalism in Willa Cather's O Pioneers! writes in WILLA CATHER: BETWEEN MODERNIST STUDIES AND ECOCRITICISM that:

"Willa Cather was notoriously skeptical of how modernity was transforming American life in the early twentieth century. In her 1923 Nation essay, "Nebraska: The End of the First Cycle," she mourned the midwestern state she had moved to as a child, in 1883, at the age of nine. Nebraska's European settlers, immigrant cultures, and sod houses were being displaced by electricity, telephones, furnaces, tractors, cinema, and public education: "[T]he splendid story of the pioneers is finished," she wrote.

Fleishman of the Smithsonian explains how the disastrous lawmaking of the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act happened:

"We can blame Mickey Mouse for the long wait. In 1998, Disney was one of the loudest in a choir of corporate voices advocating for longer copyright protections. At the time, all works published before January 1, 1978, were entitled to copyright protection for 75 years; all author’s works published on or after that date were under copyright for the lifetime of the creator, plus 50 years. Steamboat Willie, featuring Mickey Mouse’s first appearance on screen, in 1928, was set to enter the public domain in 2004. At the urging of Disney and others, Congress passed the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, named for the late singer, songwriter and California representative, adding 20 years to the copyright term. Mickey would be protected until 2024—and no copyrighted work would enter the public domain again until 2019, creating a bizarre 20-year hiatus between the release of works from 1922 and those from 1923."

So, finally, after shoveling untold billions into the pockets of the greedy -- you ask how the middle class has been decimated of its assets in recent decades? -- untold thousands of works now are released by law into the public domain in 2019.  Fleishman of the Smithsonian quotes Jennifer Jenkins, director of Duke Law School’s Center for the Study of the Public Domain that:

"The public domain has been frozen in time for 20 years, and we’re reaching the 20-year thaw.... The release is unprecedented, and its impact on culture and creativity could be huge. We have never seen such a mass entry into the public domain in the digital age. The last one—in 1998, when 1922 slipped its copyright bond—predated Google." [emphasis added by LawPundit]

Sunday, December 23, 2018

Thursday, December 20, 2018

Ancient Human Cave Paintings are Astronomical according to Research at the University of Edinburgh

Hail to the Scots!

The latest news from the University of Edinburgh headlines that
Cave paintings reveal use of complex astronomy, reporting that:
"Some of the world’s oldest cave paintings have revealed how ancient people had relatively advanced knowledge of astronomy.

The artworks, at sites across Europe, are not simply depictions of wild animals, as was previously thought.

Instead, the animal symbols represent star constellations in the night sky, and are used to represent dates and mark events such as comet strikes, analysis suggests.

They reveal that, perhaps as far back as 40,000 years ago, humans kept track of time using knowledge of how the position of the stars slowly changes over thousands of years.
"
For the last 30 years we have been writing books and articles explaining that ancient rock art, cave paintings and megalithic sites, including carvings and markings on the megaliths themselves, represent "complex" ancient astronomy. See e.g. http://www.megaliths.net/

We are very happy to see that other researchers are now increasingly drawing similar conclusions to those we have been publishing for decades.

Hat tips to StonePages Archaeo News

and to EurekaAlert.org at
Prehistoric cave art reveals ancient use of complex astronomy

Just keep those congratulatory cards and letters coming ....

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

China Guiding Cases Project at Stanford Law School: China's Supreme People's Court and IP Intellectual Property Law and Other Jurisprudence

At the SLS (Stanford Law School) Legal Aggregate Blog, Mei Gechlik in A Constructive Way to End the U.S.-China Trade War - Legal Aggregate - Stanford Law School discusses China's IP [Intellectual Property] Guiding Cases and the overall Guiding Cases system, implemented in 2010 in China, writing:

"An Eight-Year System with Some Success

In November 2010, China’s Supreme People’s Court (the “SPC”) established a ground-breaking system in which certain Chinese court judgments are selected and re-issued as Guiding Cases to guide the adjudication of similar subsequent cases and ensure the uniform application of law. To date, approximately 100 Guiding Cases have been released by the SPC. Twenty of these cases address IP (e.g., patents, trademarks, copyrights, rights to new plant varieties), unfair competition, and/or antimonopoly issues and are, unlike many other cases in China, well-reasoned.

In each Guiding Case, the SPC summarizes relevant legal principles, which are, in effect, binding on all courts in China. For example, in Guiding Case No. 84, Lilly Company v. WATSON Pharmaceuticals (Changzhou) Co., Ltd., A Dispute over Infringement of an Invention Patent, the SPC summarized various legal principles, including the following (English translation prepared by Stanford Law School’s China Guiding Cases Project) [link added by LawPundit]: ...."

Read the full story at;

A Constructive Way to End the U.S.-China Trade War - Legal Aggregate - Stanford Law School

Tuesday, December 04, 2018

When "Liberalism" Becomes Dogmatic Tyranny: Harvard's Outlaw of Single-Sex Clubs Challenged as Unconstitutional Sexual Discrimination: Gender NEUTRALITY vs. Gender EQUALITY

ANYONE who does not understand the "grass roots" popularity of Donald Trump and his ascendancy to the American Presidency need go no further to look for "political causes" of the current social upheaval than the absurd single-sex club prohibition being enforced at Harvard University in the name of "liberalism", the latter a once honorable political philosophy that has degenerated down into a myopic dogmatic tyranny of inexcusable left-wing "politically correct thinking".

"Freedom of association" is a cardinal right in any free democratic society. There is nothing in the U.S. Constitution that prohibits single sex groups (people of like gender) to gather together as they wish. This freedom of association, however, has not stopped Harvard from imposing its one-sided tyrannical political gender philosophies on its defenseless students, who must toe the line, or else....

As reported at Reuters: "Fraternities, sororities sue Harvard over single-sex club crackdown" (article by Nate Raymond, edited by Scott Malone and Jeffrey Benkoe).

As Raymond writes:
"A group of U.S. fraternities and sororities on Monday sued Harvard University, saying its crackdown on single-sex clubs amounted to sexual discrimination.

In lawsuits filed in federal and state courts in Boston, the group challenged a policy that the Ivy League university adopted in 2016 and began enforcing this academic year that Harvard said was intended to end longstanding practices of exclusion at the elite school.

Harvard has long sought to stamp out single-sex clubs, which it stopped formally recognizing in 1984. But groups known as “final clubs,” informal social clubs a student joins before graduating, as well as some fraternities and sororities have continued to operate off campus.

Under the policy, students who join single-sex clubs may not serve as captains of sports teams or leaders of officially recognized student clubs and cannot receive endorsement letters from college deans for postgraduate fellowships.

The Cambridge, Massachusetts, university was discriminating against students on the basis of their sex by punishing men and women who join all-male or all female-organizations, the lawsuits alleged.

The policy was motivated by sexism, with Harvard incorrectly seeking to link all-male organizations and fraternities to sexual assaults and contending that single-sex organizations subordinate women, according to the lawsuits.

“Harvard’s sanctions policy seeks to dictate the sex of people with whom men and women may associate and the gender norms to which men and women must conform,” the federal complaint said.

The policy has resulted in the elimination of nearly every women’s social organization, with Harvard administrators privately calling them “collateral damage” in their effort to punish men who join all-male groups, according to the complaint.

“Harvard should get out of the business of trying to dictate who students spend their time with off campus,” Stanton Jones, a lawyer for the sororities and fraternities, said in a statement.

Harvard had no immediate comment.

The federal lawsuit was brought by the fraternities Kappa Alpha Theta, Sigma Chi and Sigma Alpha Epsilon and the sorority Kappa Kappa Gamma, as well as three students.

The state court case was filed by the international sorority Alpha Phi and a local chapter, as well Delta Gamma Fraternity Management Corp, which supports chapters of the Delta Gamma sorority.

Harvard’s policy violates Title IX, the federal civil rights law that bans discrimination on the basis of sex, the U.S. Constitution, the Massachusetts constitution and the state’s Civil Rights Act, the lawsuits claim."
In our opinion, Harvard has no legitimate Constitutional legal defense for its current policies intentionally directed against freedom of association.

Theirs is a case of blind dogmatism leading to some of the very same evils that honest but today rarely encountered true liberalism is intended to alleviate. Whenever "rights" are being curtailed ... that is not liberalism.

"Gender neutrality" may be an objective that some find to be worth following, and there are numerous outlets in modern society to give like-minded people an opportunity to exercise their particular philosophy in the ambit of their OWN lives. However - in the eyes of the law, in the life of the law -- "gender NEUTRALITY" is a much different legal term construct than "gender EQUALITY".

The U.S. Constitution requires "gender equality" before the law.
It does not require "gender neutrality".

"Recognition" of gender difference is not automatically gender "discrimination".

Just imagine a legal party in a civil proceeding who chooses to be represented by a team of lawyers who are ONLY males or ONLY females, for whatever reason that legal party chooses to do so. Sex discrimination?

When now U.S. Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan was Dean of Harvard Law School, the first woman ever to hold that position, we read somewhere at that time that her close staff consisted of WOMEN ONLY (it may not have been true, but let us assume for the sake of argument that it was true). It must have been sort of like a "small sorority" of sisters running Harvard Law School.

How does that differ from single sex gender-limited groups of other kinds?

The administrative people at Harvard seem unable to keep "gender neutrality" and "gender equality" apart. For a university that claims elite status in cognitive fields, these kinds of confused policies are paradoxical.

Few things are as natural and common to humankind as the desire to be among "likes", inbetween their "own", viz. to be among "peers".

Indeed, we find that so-called "peer group pressure", everywhere dominant, especially in academia, is probably the most important, often negative, force at work among the allegedly "thinking" professions, where OUTSIDE academic opinion contra to prevailing "group thought" is not tolerated. Grouping by peers and authorities is the rule, not the exception. See in this regard Michael D. Coe, Breaking the Maya Code. Academia is NOT a "nice place".

In forming groups of their choice, people are not necessarily "discriminating" AGAINST anyone, but rather, they are "exercising their free choice" to associate with whomever they want. It is not always pretty, but that is not the issue. Group selection is inevitable. You can not prohibit human association by ill-formed, Constitutionally-illegal administrative rules or policies.

You have to live with it, or, as Albert Einstein is quoted as saying (by Robert Byrne in 637 Best Things Anybody Ever Said), an apocryphal attribution according to Freakonomics:
"Only two things are infinite,
the universe and human stupidity,
and I’m not sure about the former."
Welcome to Harvard....