"Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he."
-- Proverbs 29:18, King James Bible (KJV)

Friday, August 05, 2016

Avebury Stone #10 Back Side - Sky Map of the Corresponding Stars Compared with a Tracing in Color of a Photo of the Stone

Avebury Stone #10 Back Side - Tracing in Color Compared with a Sky Map of the Corresponding Stars by Andis Kaulins

This is a graphic image comparing the tracing in color of the back side of Avebury Stone #10 with an illustrated sky map of the corresponding stars and the stellar region corresponding to the tracing result for the back side of Avebury Stone #10. The positions of the stars are an underlying sky map clipped using the astronomy software program Starry Night Pro, http://astronomy.starrynight.com. Andis Kaulins, who is not affiliated with Starry Night Pro, has added texts, changed labels and inserted the explanatory thick red lines, showing the image correspondence.

Click on the image to obtain the larger original


Avebury Stone #10 Back Side - A Sky Map of the Corresponding Stars

Avebury Stone #10 Back Side - A Sky Map of the Corresponding Stars by Andis Kaulins

This is a sky map of the stars and the stellar region corresponding to the tracing result for the back side of Avebury Stone #10. The positions of the stars are an underlying sky map clipped from the astronomy software program Starry Night Pro, http://astronomy.starrynight.com. Andis Kaulins, who is not affiliated with Starry Night Pro, has added the texts, changed labels and thick red lines by way of explanation.


This posting is followed by a posting that compares the corresponding stars with the tracing in color of Avebury Stone #10 Back Side in one image.

Avebury Stone #10 Back Side Color Trace with Stars & Figures Identified

Avebury Stone #10 Back Side Tracing in Color & Stars and Figures Identified by Andis Kaulins

This is the tracing result for the back side of Avebury Stone #10 in color with the stars identified. A sky map with the corresponding stars marked on a sky map follows in the next posting.


As predicted, the back side of Avebury #10 (viewed henge-outwards) marks stars "above" and opposite the stars marked on the front side of Avebury Stone #10.

The back side marks the Winter Solstice point at Zeta Cygni as a small bird being rescued from the cold by an elder. The back side thus shows the stars of winter. Note that the figures portrayed, a man and a woman and a community elder with distinguished-looking headwear appear to wear winter clothing, including bundled-up type coats, a winter cap and shawl and fingerless mittens of the type once typical for cooler northern regions. That all looks quite amazing for ca. 3000 BC, but than again, what had we imagined? Cold weather required appropriate clothes, also prehistorically. Our bright colors surely make the clothing look more modern than it is.... but we are trying to emphasize that the reader must make some substantial changes in his or her head about the sophistication of the megalith makers, also astronomically.

The bottom large figure which we identify as a boat -- but it could be a sled -- is composed of many smaller figures (which we can not separately color here). Since the bottom figure could be a winter sled, we considered that the figures at the bottom in the boat or behind the sled might be rolling snow into balls for a snowman, but that is still speculative. In any case, if it is a sled, then the man and woman are presumably sitting in the sled as it were.

In any case, the stars of Cepheus and Lyra are marked at the top of the back side of Avebury Stone #10, with Cygnus below. The necks of the three upper figureheads mark the Galactic Equator.

The top of the back side of the stone, which has a whitish color different from the darker lower part of the stone, marks the bright span of the Milky Way.

The bottom of the back side of Avebury Stone #10 marks by the Ecliptic.

The left side of the stone's markings extends to the stars of Andromeda, the Great Square (of Pegasus), and Pisces, including the Circlet of Pisces. The right side extends to the stars of Aquila and Capricorn.

We have a star map of the region of the sky portrayed by Avebury Stone #10 Back Side in the next posting.

Provided that the attribution is retained, the above copyrighted image is published for free non-commercial "fair use" in any lawful publication,
and especially for content-related research, teaching, and educational use in general. Andis Kaulins retains the copyright to this image here in any case. Independent tracing of the original photograph by someone else and further work such as coloring become the copyright of the maker. Have fun! and learn thereby to better understand our ancient human ancestors!

The Great Avebury Challenge - Avebury Stone #10 Back Side Traced Lines Only in Black & White

The Great Avebury Challenge - Avebury Stone #10 Back Side Tracing by Andis Kaulins

This is the tracing result for the back side of Avebury Stone #10 in black & white only. As predicted, and as we shall see in subsequent postings, the back side of Avebury #10 (viewed henge-outwards) marks stars "above" and opposite the stars marked on the front side of Avebury Stone #10. We have added the phrase "Zeta Cygni marks the Winter Solstice as a small bird". For more, see the next posting of this trace in color and with stars identified.


Provided that the attribution is retained, the above copyrighted image is published for free non-commercial "fair use" in any lawful publication,
and especially for content-related research, teaching, and educational use in general. Andis Kaulins retains the copyright to this image here in any case. Independent tracing of the original photograph by someone else and further work such as coloring become the copyright of the maker. Have fun! and learn thereby to better understand our ancient human ancestors!

The Great Avebury Challenge - Avebury Stone #10 Back Side Tracing

The Great Avebury Challenge - Avebury Stone #10 Back Side Tracing by Andis Kaulins

This is the tracing result for the back side of Avebury Stone #10. As predicted, and as we shall see in subsequent postings, the back side of Avebury #10 (viewed henge-outwards) marks stars "above" and opposite the stars marked on the front side of Avebury Stone #10.


Provided that the attribution is retained, the above copyrighted image is published for free non-commercial "fair use" in any lawful publication,
and especially for content-related research, teaching, and educational use in general. Andis Kaulins retains the copyright to this image here in any case. Independent tracing of the original photograph by someone else and further work such as coloring become the copyright of the maker. Have fun! and learn thereby to better understand our ancient human ancestors!

Avebury Stone #10 Right Side Color Tracing with Corresponding Star Map and Figure Interpretation

Avebury Stone #10 Right Side Trace in Color & Corresponding Star Map by Andis Kaulins

This is the color tracing result of the photograph of the right side of Avebury Stone #10 together with the corresponding star map, with the underlying star positions clipped via the superb software astronomy program Starry Night Pro, http://astronomy.starrynight.com. Explanatory thick red lines and various label adjustments were drawn and made by Andis Kaulins, who is not affiliated with Starry Night Pro in any way. The star map below is an education regarding the astronomy of Avebury. The region of stars depicted, as predicted, is to the right of the stars on the front side of Avebury Stone #10. The stellar region portrayed is otherwise defined by major astronomical parameters, with the Celestial Meridian building the left border and the Galactic Equator marking the bottom. Click on the image to obtain the larger, original image.

The right side marks the stars extending to the Autumn Equinox and the Celestial Meridian ca. 3000 BC. The stars marked begin at the top with stars today assigned to Boötes, Corona Borealis and Coma Berenices, as well as the North Galactic Pole and the Galactic Meridian.  Marked in the middle are stars  we assign today to Serpens Caput, Virgo, Libra, and the front stars of Scorpio. Also marked in the middle are the Autumn Equinox, Ecliptic and the Celestial Equator. Marked at the bottom are the middle and back stars of Scorpio, as well as stars of Lupus, Centaurus and Crux, as well as the Ecliptic Meridian and Galactic Equator.

Consider the figures and what they represent. We see the astronomer-priest (some would write "druid") as Boötes at the top wearing a hooded pelt hat (Corona Borealis), with a Peacock-type of bird on his shoulder and a small monkey on his back, the latter marking the North Galactic Pole. Below the astronomer-priest is a male figure whose head marks a portion of the sky with few bright visible stars to which we today do not give much attention (not a constellation), and below the male figure is a female figure as Virgo, though drawn differently than we do today. Some of the drawn aspects could be seen as fertility symbols but we do not go into that here. It's a touchy subject and not necessary for our decipherment work. We do not need the distraction.

The back stars of Scorpio would appear to us to depict a seal in the water catching a fish at the tail, while Lupus is drawn to seemingly represents an osprey (sea eagle) catching the same fish at its head. We presume that this meeting point was meant to represent the cross of the ecliptic and the celestial equator at the Autumn Equinox point in the stars.

The stars of Crux here are in the lower right corner, which corresponds to the lower left corner when the stone is viewed from the front side.

Provided that the attribution is retained, the above copyrighted image is published for free non-commercial "fair use" in any lawful publication,
and especially for content-related research, teaching, and educational use in general. Andis Kaulins retains the copyright to this image here in any case. Independent tracing of the original photograph by someone else and further work such as coloring become the copyright of the maker. Have fun! and learn thereby to better understand our ancient human ancestors!

The Great Avebury Challenge - Avebury Stone #10 Right Side Tracing and Black & White Trace

The Great Avebury Challenge - Avebury Stone #10 Right Side Trace and Stars by Andis Kaulins

This is the tracing result for the right side of Avebury Stone #10. As predicted, the right side of Avebury #10 (viewed henge-outwards) marks stars to the right of the stars marked on the front side of Avebury Stone #10.

The right side marks the stars extending to the Autumn Equinox and the Celestial Meridian ca. 3000 BC. The stars marked begin at the top with stars today assigned to Boötes, Corona Borealis and Coma Berenices, as well as the North Galactic Pole and the Galactic Meridian.  Marked in the middle are stars  we assign today to Serpens Caput, Virgo, Libra, and the front stars of Scorpio. Also marked in the middle are the Autumn Equinox, Ecliptic and the Celestial Equator. Marked at the bottom are the middle and back stars of Scorpio, as well as stars of Lupus, Centaurus and Crux, as well as the Ecliptic Meridian and Galactic Equator. Note how the major astronomical parameters define the borders of the stellar region portrayed. Make sure you view the corresponding star map in the next posting. It is an education in the astronomy of Avebury.


Provided that the attribution is retained, the above copyrighted image is published for free non-commercial "fair use" in any lawful publication,
and especially for content-related research, teaching, and educational use in general. Andis Kaulins retains the copyright to this image here in any case. Independent tracing of the original photograph by someone else and further work such as coloring become the copyright of the maker. Have fun! and learn thereby to better understand our ancient human ancestors!

Preseason FBS College Football Rankings 2016-2017 by SportPundit

Preseason College Football Rankings FBS 2016-2017 by SportPundit

As in preceding years, our preseason college football rankings are based on our final last season post-bowl and post-championship game rankings.

Our system is based on net average yards per play stats, which we calibrate primarily by adjusting for schedule difficulty, which we take as the average rank of the opponents played. Other adjustments are also made (*=adjustment). We take the cumulative yards per play stat data from cfbstats.com and from the college and university football athletic pages online, as linked here for each team, if possible.

Caveat emptor (Buyer beware): We make this material available in good fun out of interest for the sport of college football. Please do not rely on our material to place bets or wagers of any kind.  No one knows the exact outcome of a game or a season before it is played and that is what makes it so interesting. We disclaim any and all liability for the consequences of anyone relying in any way upon our postings, analysis, links or reasoning - for which we make no warranty of accuracy. May the best team win.

Preseason College Football Rankings FBS 2016-2017 by SportPundit
Pre-
Season
RANK
2016
-2017
by 
Sport
Pundit



TEAM
Name







(# = head
coaching
change



 2015-2016
NAYPPA
net
average
yards per play
advantage
offense
over
defense
stats from
cfbstats.com

(our
calculation)


2015
yards
per
play
offense via
cfbstats
.com

the links
below
are
to the
school
sites

2015
yards
per
play
defense via
cfbstats
.com



Schedule
difficulty 

based on
Massey
Ratings,
Sagarin,

and our
own
ratings 
(*=
adjusted)

Won-loss
record (W-L)
for the
2015
-2016
season


2015
-2016

Team
Rating
by
Sport
Pundit









1
Alabama
1.6

5.89
4.30

20*
14-1
+0.8
2 Clemson 1.5

6.39
4.85

35*
14-1
+0.3
3Stanford  1.0

6.57
5.57

10*
12-2
+0.3
4 Ohio State 1.8

6.33
4.50

50*
12-1
+0.1
5 Notre Dame 1.5

7.02
5.57

30*
10-3
+0.0
6 Mississippi 2.2

7.07
4.87

55*
10-3
+0.0
7 LSU 1.5

6.70
5.17

30*
9-3
+0.0
8 Michigan 1.2

5.68
4.46

20*
9-3
+0.0
9 Oklahoma2.0

6.80
4.79

55*
11-2
+0.0
10 TCU 1.6

6.79
5.16

40*
11-2
+0.0
11 Baylor #
2.1


7.26
5.19


55*

10-3

-0.1

12
Florida State
1.9

6.53
4.68

50*
10-3
-0.2
13 North Carolina 1.8

7.28
5.50

50*
11-3
-0.3
14 Michigan State 0.0

5.44
5.47

25*
12-2
-0.4
15 Iowa
0.8


5.77
4.96

30*
12-2
-0.5
16Florida0.5

5.11
4.65

10*
10-4
-0.6
17 Tennessee 0.4

5.56
5.21

10*
9-4
-0.7
18 Georgia # 1.3

6.03
4.76

45*
10-3
-0.7
19 Oregon 1.0

7.05
6.03

35*
9-4
-0.8

20 Mississippi St.
1.1


6.46
5.32


35*

9-4

-0.8

21 Arkansas 0.7

6.83
6.07

15*
8-5
-0.8
22 Oklahoma State 0.7

6.39
5.69

30*
10-3
-0.8
23 Auburn 0.0

5.39
5.37

***
7-6
-0.8
24 Houston 0.7

6.16
5.48

45*
13-1
-0.9
25 Northwestern -0.1

4.47
4.53

***
10-3
-1.0
26 Wisconsin
0.9


5.29
4.41


45*

10-3

-1.0

27 USC # 0.5

6.19
5.70

10*
8-6
-1.0
28 UCLA 1.3

6.25
5.00

45*
8-5
-1.0
29 Utah  -0.1

5.11
5.18

***
10-3
-1.0
30 Washington 1.1

6.00
4.90

***
7-6
-1.1
31 Washington St. 0.1

5.92
5.78

***
9-4
-1.2
32 West Virginia 0.6

5.93
5.32

30*
8-5
-1.3
33 BYU  # 1.1

6.02
4.90

55*
9-4
-1.4
34 California 0.9

6.96
6.10

45*
8-5
-1.5
35 Louisville 1.2

6.01
4.82

60*
8-5
-1.6
36 Texas A&M 0.2

5.59
5.42

30*

8-5

-1.7

37 Penn State 0.7

5.47
4.78

40*
7-6
-1.7
38 Texas Tech 0.0

6.95
6.91

20*
7-6
-1.8
39 W. Kentucky 1.5

7.23
5.69

95*
12-2
-1.8
40 Nebraska 0.2

6.09
5.88

25*
6-7
-1.9
41 Toledo # 1.1

6.13
5.07

85*
10-2
-1.9
42 Bowling Gr. # 1.4

6.74
5.40

85*
10-4
-2.0
43 North. Illinois
0.2

5.33
5.18

35*
8-6
-2.0
44 West. Michigan 0.6

6.86
6.31

55*
8-5
-2.0
45 Temple 0.3

5.37
5.04

50*
10-4
-2.0

46 Miami (Florida) # 0.1

5.91
5.78

40*
8-5
-2.1
47 Navy 0.7

6.35
5.65

80*
11-2
-2.1
48 Pittsburgh 0.1

5.76
5.69

40*
8-5
-2.1
49 Memphis # 0.6

6.15
5.51

65*
9-4
-2.1
50 South Florida 1.2

6.43
5.24

75*
8-5
-2.1
51 Texas 0.1

5.70
5.63

25*
5-7
-2.1
52 Arizona State
-0.4


5.80
6.24


10*
6-7
-2.1
53 Minnesota # 0.4

5.34
4.90

35*
6-7
-2.1
54 Missouri # 0.1

4.38
4.32

25*
5-7
-2.1
55 Virginia Tech # -0.2

5.33
5.55

25*
7-6
-2.1
56 Louisiana Tech 1.6

6.90
5.29

95*
9-4
-2.1
57 Arizona  0.5

6.49
5.94

50*
7-6

-2.2
58 South Carolina #
-0.4


5.61
6.03

***
3-9
-2.3
59 San Diego State 1.0

5.67
4.66

90*
11-3
-2.3
60 Boise State 1.2


6.05
4.86

90*
9-4
-2.3
61 Kentucky -0.1

5.47
5.55

30*
5-7
-2.4
62 Virginia # -0.7

5.49
6.23

***
4-8
-2.4
63 Duke 0.2

5.53
5.37

55*
8-5
-2.5
64 Indiana -0.2

6.23
6.38

30*
6-7
-2.5
65 Vanderbilt -0.7

4.50
5.17

***
4-8
-2.5
66 N.C. State 0.1

5.63
5.51

50*
7-6
-2.6
67 Kansas State -1.3

4.95
6.24

***
6-7
-2.6
68 Georgia Tech 0.0

5.85
5.82

25*
3-9
-2.6
69 Air Force 0.7

6.40
5.71

75*
8-6
-2.7
70 Cincinnati 0.8

6.60
5.79

75*
7-6
-2.7
71  C. Michigan 0.6

5.71
5.14

70*
7-6
-2.7
72 Mid. Tennessee 0.5

5.92
5.46

65*
7-6
-2.7
73 Marshall 0.7

5.38
4.69

95*
10-3
-2.7
74 Syracuse # -1.1

5.11
6.21

***
4-8
-2.7
75 Boston College 0.3

4.40
4.07

40*
3-9
-2.7
76 Southern Miss # 1.6

6.91
5.32

110*
9-5
-2.7
77 Maryland # -0.2

5.43
5.58

25*
3-9
-2.7
78 Arkansas St. 0.1

5.86
5.76

70*
9-4
-2.8
79 East Carolina # 0.3

5.67
5.38

55*
5-7
-2.8
80 Akron 0.3

5.13
4.85

70*
8-5
-2.8
81 Utah State
0.6


5.44
4.85


75*

6-7

-2.8

82 Iowa State # -0.8

5.39
6.16

***
3-9
-2.8
83 Appalachian St. 2.1

6.74
4.69

***
11-2
-2.8
84 Ohio 0.1

5.76
5.70

65*

8-5

-2.8

85 Georgia State 0.9

6.23
5.30

75*
6-7
-2.8
86 Georgia South. # 0.9

6.41
5.47

95*
9-4
-2.8
87 Illinois # 0.0

4.93
4.90

50*
5-7
-2.9
88 UConn -0.3

4.93
5.20

45*
6-7
-3.0
89 Colorado St. 0.2

5.98
5.79

75*
7-6
-3.2
90 Tulsa -0.5

6.09
6.59

55*
6-7
-3.5
91 Purdue -1.3

4.80
6.13

***
2-10
-3.5
92 Colorado -0.6

5.12
5.72

35*
4-9
-3.6
93 San Jose St. 0.1

5.70
5.60

75*
6-7
-3.6

94 Wake Forest -0.8

4.80
5.57

35*
3-9
-3.6
95 New Mexico -0.3

5.83
6.11

75*
7-6
-3.7
96 South Alabama -0.8

5.19
6.01

50*
5-7
-3.7
97 Nevada -0.2

5.50
5.73

75*
7-6
-3.7
98 Oregon State -1.3

5.12
6.44

15*
2-10
-3.7
99 Troy 0.2

5.41
5.25

75*
4-8
-3.7
100  Fl. Atlantic -0.5

5.09
5.54

***
3-9
-3.7
101 Fl. Int'l FIU  -0.7

5.06
5.71

***
5-7
-3.7
102 Old Dominion -0.3

5.34
5.68

65*
5-7
-3.7
103 UTEP -1.9

4.93
6.82

***
5-7
-3.7
104 North Texas # -2.1

4.56
6.67

***
1-11
-3.7
105 Louis.-Lafayette -0.2

5.61
5.85

65*
4-8
-3.7
106 Buffalo -0.4

5.27
5.66

65*
5-7
-3.7
107 Wyoming -0.9

5.51
6.40

***
2-10
-3.8
108 Rice -1.8

5.32
7.13

***
5-7
-3.8
109 Ball State # -1.8

4.98
6.76

***
3-9
-3.8
110 UNLV -0.6

5.62
6.23

50*
3-9
-3.9
111 Rutgers # -1.2

5.61
6.85

40*
4-8
-4.0
112 New Mexico St. -1.0

5.80
6.79

45*

3-9

-4.1
113 UTSA # -1.0

4.99
5.97

***
3-9
-4.1
114 Fresno State -1.4

4.58
5.99

***
3-9
-4.1
115 SMU -1.8

5.29
7.06

***
2-10
-4.1
116 Kent State -0.8

4.11
4.86


***
3-9
-4.2
117 Miami (Oh.) -0.6

5.06
5.63

60*
3-9
-4.2
118 UMass -0.3

5.41
5.67

70*
3-9
-4.2
119 Hawaii # -0.7

4.85
5.55

65*
3-10
-4.6
120 Tulane # -1.1

4.76
5.81

55*
3-9
-4.6
121 Army -0.5

5.61
6.07

75*
2-10
-4.7
122 Texas State # -1.6

5.55
7.01

55*
3-9
-5.0
123
Charlotte 49ers -1.2

4.32
5.54

60*
2-10
-5.0
124 Louis.-Monroe # 
-1.1


4.48
5.61


60*

2-11

-5.1
125  Kansas -2.5

4.43
6.96

15*
0-12
-5.3
126 E. Michigan -1.5

5.51
7.02

60*
1-11
-5.5
127 UCF (C. Florida) # -2.4

4.12
6.54

***
0-12
-5.5
*** Idaho
(transitioning
to FCS)
-1.4

5.53
6.97

55*
4-8
-4.6
*** Coastal Carolina (transitioning to FBS) ---

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*** UAB -
(Blazers back  in 2017)
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