Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Law and Wine: EU Wines Must Use Grapes or Grape Products from Within the European Union

Wine can not be made inside the European Union from grapes or grape products originating from outside the EU.

Well, that's the law.  Otherwise, wines made from or punched with non-EU foreign grapes or grape products would flood the European market and reduce EU wine quality standards. Of course, non-EU wines from foreign grapes or grape products can be imported, as "non-EU" country wines. We see nothing wrong with this European Union regulation. Europe is still the world's leading place for "quality counts".

Stephen Castle has the story at the New York Times in

When Is a Wine Not a Wine? When European Regulations Say It’s Not

Geeks Hail to the Wise Greeks! Who Invented the Gimbal? Even for a Two-Thousand-Year-Old Invention, the USPTO is STILL Granting Patents

What is the difference between a gyroscope and a gimbal?
The Wise Geek knows. Or should we say the "wise Greek" knew?

Gyroscope


Gimbal with 3 Axes of Rotation





The gimbal, referred to in the previous LawPundit posting, is such an essential invention that we thought it would be pure oversight if modern tech companies were not claiming that THEY invented the gimbal, as they are doing with most everything else for which prior art stretches back thousands of years, like rectangles with rounded corners used for communication.

The Wikipedia writes about the gimbal:
"The gimbal was first invented by the Greek inventor Philo of Byzantium (280–220 BC)". [surely based on prior art even then, for nothing is created in a vacuum, but is a product of its time]
But wait, we spoke TOO SOON in assuming gimbals and/or gyroscopes are not being patented in our modern age. Of course they are being patented. How foolish of us to think otherwise.

In fact, as a quick search of Google Patents showed, the USPTO has been granting gimbal viz. gyroscope patents left and right for years, as one can see from the list at Free Patents Online at http://www.freepatentsonline.com/6729580.html:

"Representative Image [we love this "invention", gimballed gyroscopes in series for aircraft wings]:
....

View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
6305647Method and apparatus for steering the attitude of a satellite
Defendini et al.
6131056Continuous attitude control that avoids CMG array singularities
Bailey et al.
5931421Arrangement for attitude control and stabilization of a three axes stabilized spacecraft
Surauer et al.244/165
5628267Oscillation suppression device and ship provided with the same
Hoshio et al.114/122
5437420High torque double gimbal control moment gyro
Rosen
5259571Aircraft with gyroscopic stabilization system
Blazquez244/12.2
4608874Gyroscope apparatus rotating casing for a rotor
Audren74/5.41
4573651Torque orientation device
Stanton244/165
4387513Aircraft body-axis rotation measurement system
Cowdin33/322
4052654Gyro stabilized inertial reference system with gimbal lock prevention means
Kramer et al.
3941001Gimbal control mechanism
LaSarge
3795150SYSTEM FOR RAPIDLY POSITIONING GIMBALED OBJECTS
Eckhardt
3741500A CMG FINE ATTITUDE CONTROL SYSTEM
Liden
3493194SPACECRAFT EXPERIMENT POINTING AND ATTITUDE CONTROL SYSTEM
Kurzhals244/1
3456513ACCELERATION VERIFICATION CONTROL SYSTEM
Emerson
3456512INERTIAL DEVICE UTILIZING GYROSCOPES
Schmidt74/5.34
3452948SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FREE BODY STABILIZATION AND ORIENTATION
Kukel et al.244/1
3158340Gyroscopic control apparatus
Sellers
3143892Inertial platform
Chapman74/5.34
3003356Free-gyro systems for navigation or the like
Nordsieck
2811043Vertical reference and acceleration apparatus
Bonnell
2591697Stable reference apparatus
Hays
2493015Gyro antitumbling device
Newton
2158180Gyroscopic steering apparatus
Goddard"

Such are the modern "inventions" of mankind in the patently mad patent trolling age, where most "inventions" or "discoveries" are often merely minor "tweaks" or "applications" of prior art, not just here, but nearly everywhere. At least here one can see the high tech element as modern aircraft needing tweaked gyros and gimbals. We applaud the inventors! But we would greatly reduce patent protections and rewards for what are, in essence, foreseeable progressions of what already existed long before in terms of available technology.





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