Tuesday, August 23, 2011

The Apple iPhone as a Design Copy of the First Pharaonic Cartouche of the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt: A Design in the Public Domain as Prior Art for 4500 Years

People who support patents like to say that you should be able to patent anything under the Sun made by man. But what is new under the Sun?

The outer iPhone design, to which Apple is shamefully trying to obtain exclusive rights in seeking injunctions against the sale of the similarly designed Samsung Galaxy S smartphone, reminds us strongly of the Pharaonic cartouche in which the Ancient Egyptians inscribed the names of their Pharaohs. Indeed, Egyptologists, rightly or wrongly, regard the cartouche of the Pharaoh Snofru to be the first such royal cartouche.

From the image below that we have prepared -- trying to retain the original relative dimensions of the Cartouche of Snofru and the iPhone -- it would appear to us that a good argument can be made that the iPhone was preceded by prior art in the early stages of ancient human writing by the Egyptian hieroglyphs, which inscribed royal names inside a so-called "shen ring", signifying eternity. It is a pretty close design match.

The Apple iPhone as conceivably copied in design
from the first Pharaonic Cartouche, that of the Pharaoh Snofru.
The first Pharaoh to allegedly use a cartouche was the Pharaoh erroneously today called Sneferu, Snephru, or Snofru, who was more correctly known in Ancient Greek as Soris, probably an Indo-European variant for Sun (Sol).
The windpipe hieroglyph in the cartouche of Soris is a vocal determinative (so I allege) erroneously transliterated into English by the Egyptologists as NFR (as a consonant cluster corresponding to matching Indo-European terms such as e.g. Latvian aNVAR or aNTVAR, meaning "opening, windpipe").

The windpipe hieroglyph in ancient Egyptian writing in my opinion actually meant a "windpipe sound" rather than standing for the consonant cluster NFR or the "word" for windpipe.

You can compare the windpipe hieroglyph NFR to a comparable hieroglyph-like symbol we might draw for the word BREATH, showing the windpipe, which you would not then read as "Breath" but would rather make a breath sound, e.g. a hieroglyph in English written as Breath-A-R-D would be read "H-A-R-D" and not be read "Breath-ard" or "BRTH". The Egyptologists still don't get this.

In any case, there is nothing new under the Sun in this case. The shape and the relative dimensions of the iPhone are so similar to the first royal cartouche in Ancient Egypt, that this design in the context of a surface for a writing-oriented electronic device can have no claim to originality. Rather, it is the close implementation of an age-old design in the public domain -- for the last 4500 years.

There are few things new under the Sun, and this is the SUN.

Eyewitness Identification to be Reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court for the First Time in 34 Years in the case of Perry v. New Hampshire, No. 10-8974

Eyewitness Identification is to be reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court for the first time in 34 years, in the case of Perry v. New Hampshire, No. 10-8974, as reported at the New York Times by Adam Liptak in 34 Years Later, Supreme Court Will Revisit Eyewitness IDs.

See Questions Presented.

I was for a short time on the staff of the Project on Law Enforcement Policy and Rulemaking (POLEPAR) at Arizona State University Law School, a joint project with the Police Foundation of the United States.

See Gerald M. Caplan, The Case for Rulemaking by Law Enforcement Agencies, Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 36, No. 4, Autumn, 1971. Caplan initially headed the POLEPAR project.

Our job was to draft model rules for law enforcement, and one of those model rules was on Eyewitness Identification.

Those model rules are cited e.g. in Gary L. Wells, et seq., Eyewitness Identification Procedures: Recommendations for Lineups and Photospreads, Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 22, No. 6, 1998.

Six Model Rules for Law Enforcement by POLEPAR are listed in the Library of Congress Online Catalog, including Eyewitness Identification.

The Model Rules were recently cited (2011) by the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts in the case of Commonweatlh vs. Gerald Eddington (and six companion cases).

I have written ever since this project about the unreliability of the manner in which evidence is viewed and interpreted, not only in the law generally, but also in diverse academic disciplines, where many scholars are not even remotely aware of how much their observation is colored by all kinds of extraneous factors.

Eyewitness and similar personal observation of "facts" can be quite faulty.

"Beauty" may be in the eye of the beholder, but the "truth" may not be.

LIVE! Sony Ericsson Live with Walkman, Android Gingerbread 2.3 and Facebook "Baked In" plus xLoud Sound Technology: This is a Music Lovers' Device First Class: For the Young AND Seniors!

The new Sony Ericsson Live with Walkman is our idea of design creativity, and it has Facebook integrated.

Moreover, it has "xLoud" sound technology, which in terms of marketing is surely aimed at the music-loving younger generations.

However, I myself am turning 65 this year and I definitely want one of these, first because of my now somewhat less than eagle-sharp hearing and second for the music. Can you imagine that Facebook is "baked in" too? Why worry about Apple and Samsung when you can have this?

Sony-Ericsson can send me one of these at any time -- for test purposes of course.





And from YouTube below, a young people's LIVE teaser


See also:

Luke Westaway writing at CNET UK "Crave" in:

Sony Ericsson Live with Walkman walks the talk in official pics


Samsung Digital Picture Frame 2006 is Clear Designer Prior Art to the Later "Design" of the iPhone and iPad

The design that Apple registered in the EU is a rectangle with rounded corners (EU Community Design 000181607-0001) and it is that design upon which the sought injunctions against Samsung for design infringement of the iPad and the iPhone are based. That design is so absurdly simple that one is skeptical.

When we look at the image below, which in the year 2006 precedes the introduction of the iPhone and the iPad, it would look as if this Samsung digital picture frame design has been copied by Apple for its iPad and iPhone.






See Engadget: Samsung digital picture frame stores pics, movies, music

Hat tip to Shenj.

Perhaps it is not a coincidence that Samsung also makes some of the hardware that goes into Apple products. Just how close was the cooperation?

It makes one wonder - speculatively of course - whether this whole absurd legal thing on design could have been developed intentionally by Apple and Samsung together to create a gigantic advertising campaign via the courts and the media -- all for free.


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