Thursday, February 28, 2008
e-comm is a German language blog out of Austria by Dr. Hans Peter Lehofer of the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration concerning Austrian and European law relating to electronic communications networks and services ("Blog zum österreichischen und europäischen Recht der elektronischen Kommunikationsnetze und -dienste"). At his home page, the blog author quotes Samuel Butler in English: "In law, nothing is certain except the expense."
E-Commerce Law by Jonathan D. Frieden is focused on "Discussing News, Trends, and Legal Issues Affecting Internet Businesses". E-Commerce Law Briefs are provided every Friday afternoon.
E|Laws (Tecnología y Derecho) is a blawg in Argentina in Spanish on law, technology and communications.
ElbeBlawg (in German) alerts us to an interesting new concept, beck-blog DIE EXPERTEN, a law blog by German inter alia legal publisher C.H. Beck which presents blog postings by legal experts. The blog is still in "beta" but looks good.
eLegal Canton is a Canadian blog by David Canton, "a business lawyer and trade-mark agent with a practice focusing on technology issues and technology companies." He has a recent posting on what looks like an effective solution to domain tasting.
The Election Law Blawg of Rick Hasen of Loyola Law School in discussing voter fraud refers to Hasen's recent Stanford Law Review article on The Untimely Death of Bush v. Gore (.pdf), where he makes the following statements in his Conclusion to that article:
"The 2000 election debacle brought well-deserved attention to the serious problems plaguing our election system. Bush v. Gore divided the country at that time, but many hoped that the case and surrounding controversy could spur meaningful reforms to fix serious election administration problems. The case and the Florida controversy have not directly led to meaningful election reform. States and legislatures, aided by congressional funding, have taken steps to improve voting technology, though the transitions to new technologies and election administration incompetence have colored what would otherwise be success on the technology side.
But on the side of reforming elections to create fairer and nonpartisan rules, it appears the country has learned the wrong lessons from the Florida debacle and Bush v. Gore. Election administration has become more, not less, partisan. Public confidence in election administration, especially among African-Americans, is at troubling and embarrassingly low levels. Elections more frequently result in litigation than before 2000. And the courts, especially the Supreme Court, have not been careful in addressing election administration claims. The result is likely to be further contentiousness and growing voter distrust of the system by which we cast and count votes for the foreseeable future.
Now more than ever, the country needs to learn the right lessons from Bush v. Gore. But it appears Bush v. Gore’s moment has passed from public consciousness, replaced instead by partisan recriminations and retrenchment."
The Embassy Law blog is
"related to diplomatic and consular law as well as international organization law, with a focus on sovereignty and immunities, from a Washington, DC, practitioner's view."
Take a look at the posting on Global Impact of U.S. Decision in which
"In an unprecedented FSIA ruling, a U.S. federal court authorized a private party to seek the disclosure of all U.S. assets owned by a foreign government. The ruling was made on January 18, 2008 in the matter Jenny Rubin, et al. v. The Islamic Republic of Iran, et. al., Case No. 03-cv-9370.
Empirical Legal Studies is intended on "Bringing Methods to Our Madness" and refers to a paper which purports to indicate that firearm ownership in a country is statistically correlated to freedom and prosperity. Christopher Zorn refers to a David Kopel posting on Volokh about a new paper Kopel and coauthor Howard Nemerov have written on the topic. We ourselves are supporters of firearm ownership by citizens as a right anchored in the U.S. Constitution, but this does not mean that guns should not be registered or be available for sale to lunatics, nor does it mean that private persons should own rapid-fire weapons or be able to park their private tanks in their back yard. There is a sensible limit.
Ernie the Attorney features the slogan "Faith Humor Curiosity" and his most recent posting concerns Debating Mac vs. PC in the Legal Environment. We definitely agree with his observations that Windows Vista has many flaws.
EU Law Blog "is a web log about European Union law for students, academics, practitioners and anyone else who may be interested in it". A recent posting alerts us to the fact that the European Commission has just published its 2007 General Report on the Activities of the European Union.
"You don’t often see a candidate on a trajectory like Obama’s, and at some point it will inevitably head down again. But until it does, even the original Bill Clinton would have a hard time beating him.
If things don’t go well for Hillary over the next few weeks, some of her consultants may need retraining for a promising new career in, say, motel management, but here’s what I hope she understands. She’s done fine. And she’d probably have won the nomination walking away if Barack hadn’t picked this moment to mutate into BARACK!
You do your best, and if things don’t work out, it just wasn’t your time. Life isn’t always fair.
All of which Ohio understands very well."
It looks like a philosophical endorsement of Obama to us.
Do you know the story of Xiang Yu?
John Tierney in the New York Times Science Findings : The Advantages of Closing a Few Doors tells us something about the legendary Chinese general:
"The next time you’re juggling options — which friend to see, which house to buy, which career to pursue — try asking yourself this question: What would Xiang Yu do?
Xiang Yu was a Chinese general in the third century B.C. who took his troops across the Yangtze River into enemy territory and performed an experiment in decision making. He crushed his troops’ cooking pots and burned their ships.
He explained this was to focus them on moving forward — a motivational speech that was not appreciated by many of the soldiers watching their retreat option go up in flames. But General Xiang Yu would be vindicated, both on the battlefield and in the annals of social science research."
The amazing thing is what M.I.T. experiments with students tell us about learning to close some doors and not trying to keep too many of them open....
Read the rest here.
We have just been reading a February 27, 2008 New York Times article by K.A. Dilday, a columnist for the online magazine Open Democracy, titled Go Back to Black in which the American Dilday of London writes:
"When, early on in the race for the Democratic nomination, people wondered if black Americans would vote for Mr. Obama, I never doubted. During the last two years I’ve learned to decipher his name in almost any pronunciation, because on finding out that I’m an American, all other black people I meet, whether they are Arabic-speaking Moroccans in Casablanca, French-speaking African mobile-phone-store clerks in the outer boroughs of Paris, or thickly accented Jamaican black Brits, ask me eagerly about him. Black people all over the world feel a sense of pride in his accomplishment....
Polls show that about 80 percent of blacks who have voted in the Democratic primaries have chosen him. And all of the black people in the mountains of Morocco, the poor suburbs of Paris, the little villages in Kenya and the streets of London are cheering Mr. Obama’s victories because they see him as one of their own."
Frankly, Obama's election alone would probably do more to restore the American dream around the world than anything that Obama may ever do in his tenure as President, should he actually be elected.
Did you know that Putin has been a phenomenally successful President - for Russia:
"Under the Putin administration the Russian economy saw increases in GDP (2000 - 10%, 2001 - 5.7%, 2002 - 4.9%, 2003 - 7.3%, 2004 - 7.1%, 2005 - 6,5%, 2006 - 6.7%, 2007- 8.1%), industrial and agricultural production, construction, real incomes, the volume of consumer credit (between 2000-2006 increased 45 times), and other economic measures. The number of people living below the poverty line decreased from 29% in 2000 to 15.8% in 2007. A number of large-scale reforms in retirement (2002), banking (2001 - 2004), tax (2000 - 2003), the monetization of benefits (2005) and others have taken place."
How well do you really know the world political situation? What is the CIS ?
At his Presidential page, Russian President Putin currently has the following quotation next to his portrait at the top of the page:
"“The CIS is a clear and constant priority for Russia, not only by virtue of our common past and the need to maintain the historic ties between our peoples, but also because the development of the CIS is crucial in many ways for the future of all of our countries.”"
Read about the basics of the CIS.
The Franco-German network ARTE (Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne) had a broad program about Russia and outgoing President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Wikipedia) this past Tuesday, February 26, 2008, which we found to be one of the best political TV programs that we have seen in years. A part of that series can be seen in full on video:
1) as a positive documentary (40 minutes in German) - available until March 4
2) as a negative documentary (52 minutes in German) - available until March 4
The mainstream media and national presses misinform us regularly about the nature of world politics because they all view current events from THEIR OWN greatly skewed political perspectives (this CNN article is a perfect example of that).
But that is the wrong way to view the world - at least if you want to truly understand what is going on. To have a full grasp of the world political situation, you also have to be able to see current events from the perspective of the other guy.
Why is that important?
The most important lesson that we learned at Stanford Law School we learned on the very first day, when Dean Bayless Manning, welcoming the entering class in 1968, stated (and here we paraphrase): "If you learn nothing else here at Stanford Law School, please learn that in this world 99% of the people think that they are the ones wearing the white hats."
In other words, almost everyone, people and leaders, think that they are in the right in their actions and thinking and that they are doing what is best for themselves or for their country. It is a hard lesson to accept, but it is the only REALISTIC view of current events. Everyone thinks that they are good guys.
Russia and outgoing President Putin, whose denominated successor Medvedev will for certain be elected on March 2, 2008, can only be understood from this perspective.
The fact is that Putin is a beloved figure in Russia and has tremendous support among the Russian population. This is not the picture you see in the international press, however, which has their own personal axe to grind, whatever it is. Objectivity is most certainly not an important element for mainstream journalism.
But how should we actually measure the leaders of countries to get a true picture?
The most important thing is that we have to look at their job responsibilities. If you are an American, you do not judge the Presidency of George W. Bush by whether people in Russia like him or not, rather, you judge him by the impact he has made on the United States of America in the eyes of Americans. Similarly, the job of any leader in any country is to represent and defend the interests of his or her own country first, and that is what we must look at in the first instance in assessing leadership performance at the level of nations.
By that standard, Putin has been a superb President of Russia.
By that same standard, George W. Bush has been a controversial President of the United States, and has in fact been less successful both politically and economically than Putin has been in his country.
As someone whose parents originate from the Baltic country of Latvia, and who wound up in the United States to escape Russian Communist domination, please note that this author has no particular reason to applaud the Russians, whose mentality is not a Baltic mentality. However, precisely because of our own personal history, this author has learned to look at things objectively, because wishful thinking can find you on the wrong side of iron curtains.
We often make the mistake in the Western world of imposing our political system and our ideas about democracy on other nations, and we do so particularly when we assess political leadership in those countries. This of course is foolish.
It is impossible to establish the American system of democracy in countries which do not have the same basis for government that exists in the United States. It is a government based on English tradition and common law, as based on Germanic tribal law and also Celtic tradition, all of which reach far back into antiquity.
The American system of democracy has been in the making for over 200 years, and even we, the great democrats ourselves, abandoned slavery only ca. 150 years ago, gave women the right to vote in Presidential elections only about 90 years ago, and ourselves officially ended racial segregation only about 50 years ago. These democratic changes occurred only when the political times were ready for them, and not before.
In creating its documentary about Russia, the ARTE programs referred to above show an interview with a Russian artist who says that the problem with the West is that it thinks that the people in the East are all idiots, which he says is of course not true. In addition, he notes that the people in Russia, for example, do not really want the same type of democracy that exists in America because it is a system not suited to the Russian mentality nor to Russian tradition.
He is of course right on both counts. We can not assess countries like Russia only from our perspective. Rather, the most telling way to judge countries such as Russia is from the realistic standpoint of where are they now, how far have they come, and where are they going? Not from OUR point of view, but from THEIR point of view. We need not agree - but we need to see.
By any stretch of the imagination, Russia has made gigantic political and economic strides forward in the last 20 years since the dawn of Perestroika under Mikhail Gorbachev. But this does not mean that Russia will wind up with the same system as the United States, much in the same manner that the European Union has its own unique system of government. The Russian solution will be different, and we have to be prepared to accept and deal with that differing and unique resulting political and economic system.
President Putin has acted and will continue to act in the Russian interest. That is his job. Also his successor will do the same, as that will be his job as well. The job for the rest of the nations in this world is simply to accept that and to promote their own interests, whatever they may be, and to be conscious of the fact that the guy on the other side of the table is doing exactly the same thing. Then we will have a real Realpolitik.
EU Translation Scope Defended by Language Director : But There is a Trend Toward English as the Lingua Franca
We ourselves have done translation work for the European Commission and have seen first-hand through that work that translation of important EU documents into the languages of the Member States is essential for Europe.
Teresa Küchler in an EU Observer article from 25 February 2008 quotes Juhani Lonnroth, Director General of the European Commission translation department as follows:
"Nobody would wish or dare to touch upon this sacred principle.... Language and power are very closely related. Throughout history, totalitarian regimes have not been keen on teaching their populations other languages than that of the ruling layers, for instance."
Nevertheless, there is trend toward English as the lingua franca of the European Union. Küchler informs us that 88% of European Union websites are in English and 72% of EU institutional texts are now in English, as compared to the figure of 58% of these texts in French in 1986. Obviously, the newer EU Member States do not write in French, but use English, and that will account for the change.
"In the European Commission, French, German and English are procedural languages, meaning all internal documents as well as EU legislation must be issued in them, while the 20 other EU languages have "official" status, meaning EU legislation appears in these languages.
The European Court of Justice in Luxembourg is, however, entirely run in French, for reasons the head of EU translations claimed he was not aware of."
We have been to the European Court of Justice and it is in fact hard to find anyone among the lower staff at the EU institutions in Luxembourg, including the receptionists, who speak any English at all. Perhaps this is because the average employee in Luxembourg speaks no English, but French, and in some cases German. We generally made headway only by speaking German, which is similar to Letzeburgish. Anyone visiting Luxembourg will quickly understand why translators are essential and why concentration on one language can lead to great difficulty in communication, which is essential at all levels of government.
Ecology Counts : Biodiversity Declining at an Alarming Rate : The Earth's 6th Great Mass Extinction is Under Way
If we are to believe The Daily Galaxy report concerning the observations found at the E.O. Wilson Biodiversity Organization, biodiversity on our planet is being rapidly reduced by man-made extinction, and if we don't find a solultion soon, it may be time for all of us to start packing our bags as The Earth's 6th Great Mass Extinction is Now Under Way:
"Biocide is occurring at an alarming rate. Experts say that at least half of the world’s current species will be completely gone by the end of the century. Wild plant-life is also disappearing. Most biologists say that we are in the midst of an anthropogenic mass extinction. Numerous scientific studies confirm that this phenomenon is real and happening right now. Should anyone really care? Will it impact individuals on a personal level? Scientists say, “Yes!”"
The solution is in our own ecological hands:
"With the human population expected to reach 9-10 billion by the end of the century and the planet in the middle of its sixth mass extinction — this time due to human activity — the next few years are critical in conserving Earth’s precious biodiversity. The cause of the Sixth Extinction, Homo sapiens, means we can continue on the path to our own extinction, or, preferably, we modify our behavior toward the global ecosystem of which we are still very much a part."
Read the whole thing here.
Hat tip to CaryGEE.
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