Sunday, January 23, 2005

Who Rightfully Claims the Holy Land?

Who rightfully claims the Holy Land of the Fertile Crescent?



In the previous posting, we published our "Decipherment of the Megaliths of the Holy Land", showing that these megalithic sites were erected ca. 3000 BC as an astronomically based survey of the land by the megalith builders.



Although the identity of the megalith makers may still be open to question, there is no question that megalithic markers served as boundary stones in ancient days. See Stars Stones and Scholars.



These boundaries were persistent and the owners of lands so marked have retained them for thousands of years, all over the world.



It is quite clear, for example, that the Holy Land was ruled by the Pharaohs of Egypt in the 18th Dynasty prior to the Amarna Period. See The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw, p. 233. Pharaonic presence in the Holy Land goes back to the early Dynasties (pp. 65-66, 77-78) and we think that Pharaonic civilization goes hand in hand with the history of the Hebrews.





The Pharaohs Ruled the Holy Land in the 18th Dynasty


Our map above is based on a map found in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, p. 233.



Who were the megalith builders?



Shaw writes (pp. 65-66) that starting with Flinders Petrie, many persons have claimed that Egyptian civilization was founded by a migrating group of people, and we also hold to that view, especially since the recent discovery of "long boats" at Abydos dating to ca. 3000 BC.



Dieter Braasch in his book Pharaonen und Sumerer - Megalithiker aus dem Norden [The Pharoahs and Sumerians - Megalith Builders from the North], analyzes the history of ship-building technology in ancient days and suggests that the boat-building technology used by the Ancient Egyptians to make seaworthy craft had to come from elsewhere originally, even if it were then later developed indigenously. It is also worth mentioning in this regard that the oldest known wooden boats stem from the Baltic Sea ca. 6000 BC.



What about Earlier Periods?



Earlier periods take us back again to the region of Madaba and Amman. We quote from the book Stars Stones and Scholars, p. 19:



One of the earliest centers of civilization in the Ancient Near East is ‘Ain Ghazal, near Amman, Jordan. The archaeological excavation of ‘Ain Ghazal has led to stratified layers of inhabitation representing the following – alleged – chronological time periods.[footnote 33: Gary Rollefson and Zeidan Kafafi, The Town of 'Ain Ghazal, online at http://inic.utexas.edu/menic/ghazal/intro/int.html]



Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (MPPNB) 7250 – 6500 BC

Late Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (LPPNB) 6500 – 6000 BC

Pre-Pottery Neolithic C (PPNC) 6000 – 5500 BC

Yarmukian Pottery Neolithic 5500 – 5000 BC (?)



Human figurines molded of clay and plaster – which look “Magdalenian” – appear at ‘Ain Ghazal and Jericho at the start of the MPPNB. [footnote 34: To see these figurines, go to http://www.asia.si.edu/jordan/html/jor_mm.htm, the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution.] The Yarmukian influx of pottery coincides with "The Flood". Was the end of the MPPNB actually the time of the Flood? Rollefsen and Kafafi write that the end of the pre-pottery period in the Levant was marked by great changes in the settlement of the region. Farming villages in the area of modern Israel and the Jordan Valley were abandoned and migrating populations then surfaced in highland areas, as in Jordan, and certainly some at ‘Ain Ghazal. Was Ghazal the home of the Catals, Gaidels, Gaetuli & the later Cohen Gadols?




Written further at Stars Stones and Scholars (p.23):



"Yosef Garfinkel writes that the term “Pre-Pottery Neolithic C (PPNC)” has been coined to deal with the results presented by the period from 6100 to 5600 BC, based on the new stratigraphic evidence from the site ‘Ain Ghazal near Amman, Jordan.



Previously there had been a transition seen from Pre-Pottery Neolithic B to the Yarmukian Neolithic Pottery Period, but this division could not deal effectively with the new archaeological finds.



Garfinkel concludes that Yarmukian pottery also at ‘Ain Ghazal and Jericho shows two different styles of workmanship and design and is thus evidence of the presence of two different peoples.



Yarmukian pottery (also spelled Yarmoukian) has been described by E.B. Banning to include decoration with bands in which rows of chevrons are incised [the herring-bone pattern]. [footnote 41: E.B. Banning, University of Toronto, Syllabus, Lecture of February 14, 2001, online at http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~banning/ARH_360files/360Y5.htm.]



The pottery from Jericho IX, which is also called Lodian, on the other hand, is much more a painted pottery type, using diagonal lines and marked by knobs and handles near the rim. [footnote 42: E.B. Banning, ibid.]



Garfinkel writes, most significantly for an accurate understanding of the ancient history of the Near East, that there is a clear geographic distribution of the pottery types. [footnote 43: Yosef Garfinkel, The Yarmukian Culture in Israel, Paleorient 19/1, 1993, pp .115-134, online at http://www.hum.huji.ac.il/archaeology/golan/articl11.htm.]



The incised [geometric] Yarmukian pottery is found in the northern and central areas of present-day Israel, whereas the painted pottery [non-geometric] is found in the southern areas of present-day Israel. This north-south difference continues today.



Boian pottery is like Yarmukian pottery in design. Hence, incised pottery is the pottery of the peoples fleeing the Black Sea Flood. From the point of view of the present book, this means that the “people of the Flood”, the Magdalenians, had arrived in the Near East, catalyzing ancient Near East Civilization. Indeed, the incised herring-bone design is then later found on the artifacts of the Pharaohs."




This would mean that the migrant peoples were seafarers who came from Europe via the Black Sea, a hypothesis substantiated by ancient trade routes ("The Baltic Sea-Vistula-Dnieper-Black Sea water route was one of the most ancient trade-routes, the Amber Road, on which amber and other items were traded from Northern Europe to Greece, Asia, Egypt, and elsewhere") and by the wooden boats from 3000 BC at Abydos.



These boats at Abydos used the following technology:



"After examining the hull section, Dr. Ward ["Dr. Cheryl Ward, a nautical archaeologist at Florida State University in Tallahassee"] said the flat-bottomed boat reflected "a previously undocumented style of construction" for that period. The boat appeared to be built from the outside in, in contrast to the later shipbuilding technique of starting with an internal frame. The thick planks were lashed together by rope fed through mortises. The seams between planks were filled with bundles of reeds to make the boat watertight. Additional reeds carpeted the floor."



Herodotus in his History (Book II) [Herodotus Histories translated into English by G.C. Macaulay] writes about Egyptian boats as follows:



"96. Their boats with which they carry cargoes are made of the thorny acacia, of which the form is very like that of the Kyrenian lotos, and that which exudes from it is gum. From this tree they cut pieces of wood about two cubits in length and arrange them like bricks, fastening the boat together by running a great number of long bolts through the two-cubit pieces; and when they have thus fastened the boat together, they lay cross-pieces[81] over the top, using no ribs for the sides; and within they caulk the seams with papyrus. They make one steering-oar for it, which is passed through the bottom of the boat; and they have a mast of acacia and sails of papyrus. These boats cannot sail up the river unless there be a very fresh wind blowing, but are towed from the shore: down-stream however they travel as follows:--they have a door-shaped crate made of tamarisk wood and reed mats sewn together, and also a stone of about two talents weight bored with a hole; and of these the boatman lets the crate float on in front of the boat, fastened with a rope, and the stone drag behind by another rope. The crate then, as the force of the stream presses upon it, goes on swiftly and draws on the /baris/ (for so these boats are called), while the stone dragging after it behind and sunk deep in the water keeps its course straight. These boats they have in great numbers and some of them carry many thousands of talents' burden."



See also Pharaonic Ships and Boats.

Megaliths of the Holy Land Deciphered

The Law Pundit does not generally mix in LexiLine postings with other of his websites, blogs and activities, but he recently made a discovery which is spectacular (if true), and it is thus presented here to our readers.





Megaliths of the Holy Land Deciphered as Ancient Land Survey by Astronomy





To the files of the LexiLine Group Newsletter on the History of Civilization which the Law Pundit owns and moderates, a new folder has been added entitled

Holy Land: Decipherment of the Megaliths of the Holy Land



In that folder are found the files

megalithsoftheholyland.gif and megalithsoftheholyland.png (both identical to the above graphic)

under the title

Astronomical Decipherment of the Megaliths of the Holy Land

as well as

tallalumayri.png (shown here below)

which shows the Megaliths of Tall al-Umayri, Madaba Plains, also deciphered previously as astronomy by the Law Pundit.





Megalithic Temple of Tall al-Umayri, Madab, Jordan deciphered as astronomy



These files intersect and complement one another as Tall al-Umayri, Madaba is a planisphere centered at Andromeda. In the megalithic survey of the Holy Land ca. 3000 BC, Madaba is a star of Andromeda. It is a perfect match.



My book Stars Stones and Scholars: The Decipherment of the Megaliths as an Ancient Survey of the Earth by Astronomy does not include a decipherment of the megaliths of the Holy Land because I had previously not deciphered them due to insufficient materials.



Due to an amazing stroke of good fortune, I recently acquired a book by Dieter Braasch entitled Pharaonen und Sumerer - Megalithiker aus dem Norden which contains a map of megalithic sites in the Holy Land (p. 171) based on an original map published by Peter Thomsen (1875-1954) in a book entitled "Kompendium der pal√§stinensichen Altertumskunde" and published in 1913 (Verlag von J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), T√ľbingen 1913. (VIII, 109 pp.) 23x16 cm. Wrappers, frontspiece, 42 text figures, German text.) See AbeBooks which has numerous copies available at varying prices.



According to my decipherment, which leaves no doubt whatsoever, The MEGALITHIC sites of the Holy Land (Fertile Crescent, today's Israel, Palestine, parts of Jordan) are an astronomical sky map (Planisphere) of the Heavens ca. 3000 BC. It is an astronomical geodetic survey which is also recorded at TALL AL UMAYRI on the Madaba Plains in Jordan somewhat South of Amman and east of Jerusalem with Madaba marking principally Andromeda as confirmed by this new megalithic map based on Thomsen (1914) and Braasch (1997) and as deciphered by yours truly, Andis Kaulins, in 2005.



Based on a Vernal Equinox point ca. 3000 BC just West of Beersheba, the megalithic sites on Thomsen's map extend from Beersheba in the South to Sidon in the North.



As I have discovered, ALL of the megalithic sites of the Holy Land on Thomsen's map represent stars of the heavens. These sites are found organized into clusters of stars which represent classical stellar constellations of the sky, some as we see them today, some somewhat different, but all clearly recognizable. It would be possible to err on one or two such constellations, but not on this many. The overlap of the Holy Land Megaliths with this star map by pure chance is zero. There is no doubt that this was an ancient survey of the region by the megalith makers.



In the South are marked Aries, Triangulum, Andromeda, Perseus and Auriga. Today's Jerusalem would be located at the top of Perseus as the star gamma, west of Madaba (Southwest of Amman, Jordan), which marks the star beta in Andromeda.



Perseus and Auriga are to the West of the Dead Sea, whereas Aries, Triangulum and Andromeda are to the right of the Dead Sea.



The River Jordan to the North thus marks Al Risha, the legendary cord of the fish in astronomy. I had suspected this earlier when I wrote about Madaba:



"In the astronomical survey of the fertile crescent, we thus find - provisionally - that Jordan apparently marked Andromeda, as evidenced by the large prominent stone in the temple which has the stars of Andromeda cupmarked on it. JORDAn is a name said to derive from Hebrew YARAD meaning "descend" or "flow down" and thus originally applied to the River Jordan. We find the ancient Arabic name al 'ARD for Andromeda to be possibly related (see Richard Hinckley Allen, Star Names, p. 36). Perhaps this is origin of the astronomical line marked here at Andromeda as al RISHA, the band of the fish, which was called ARIT in Egypt, according to Renouf. All of those terms are similar matching the geography to astronomy in the hermetic tradition."



North of the Dead Sea, we find Cassiopeia to the right of Cord of the Fish except for one star to the left. The "5-point-dice" form of Cepheus is also to the right of the River Jordan as is Lacerta, a constellation which the ancients considered important in ancient days.



Above Cepheus we find stars of Draco (apparently intermingled with the bright stars of Ursa Minor?) in a large half circle to mark the North Ecliptic Pole, i.e. the immovable "eye of God" in the heavens. But perhaps only Draco is intended.



To the left are the stars of Ursa Major (not complete - are two megalithic sites missing?). To the right of and above Draco, as well as to the right of the Sea of Galilee, we find megalithic sites marking Cygnus and Lyra.



The big surprise is found further North where all the bright stars of Hercules are used to mark the Northern region of the Holy Land.



To the left we find Tyros (Tyre) marking Arc-Turus and Sidon (Latvian Ziedon-is, blossom) marking Spica (the linguistic equivalencies are speculative).



We do not know if any megalithic sites exist North or South of these marked Megaliths.



In spite of the constant strife over this region in modern times, in 3000 BC the Holy Land belonged to the megalith-makers.

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