Sunday, December 29, 2013

Ancient Astronomy and the Evidence: Boötes Arguably Takes its Name from Bantu Biti "Hyena(s)": The Carn Bica "King Arthur" Mini-Planisphere Suggests It

Carn Bica in the Preseli Hills in Pembrokeshire, Wales, marks the star Er Rai "the King" in Cepheus in the Preseli megalithic planisphere, but the stones at Carn Bica themselves form a "mini-planisphere" of the brightest stars groups found WITHIN the Milky Way ellipse starting with Cepheus as the head of the king, Ursa Minor as the tailed animal headdress, Draco as a camel (so seen by the Berbers because of the "humped" shape of Draco) and Boötes as a hyena.

According to my decipherments, the ancients made planispheres of stars within the ellipse of the Milky Way ca. 4000 B.C. or previous -- such as e.g. the Lake Onega Planisphere (my decipherment) now located in the Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Note that the ancients saw the brightest star groups in the heavens similarly to -- but surely not identically with -- the way we see them today.

The Berbers of North Africa saw heaven's center as a camel chased by hyenas and one or two hyenas could be marked in the stones at Carn Bica, one as a possibly baby hyena (?) in the hand (?) of the king and the other off to the right in the stones -- in our decipherment -- as Boötes, a constellation whose name is a term of ancient unknown origin.

This location of the hyena at "Bootes" (without the Umlaut for search engines) puzzled us greatly since it did not correspond to known ancient names for Boötes in Richard Hinckley Allen's Star Names, so we followed a hunch and looked at the languages of Africa, thus discovering that the Bantu Kinyamwezi word for "hyena" is bìtí, which definitely now suggests that the modern and ancient term Boötes may come from an older term in Africa originally meaning "hyena(s)". (Several other Bantu languages have a similar "b-" based term for "hyena" but have lost the T.) See The Bantu Basic Vocabulary Database. Such discoveries occur when the decipherment is sound.

Decipherment and illustration above by Andis Kaulins, December 29, 2013. The illustration is based upon a tracing by Andis Kaulins
(see the traced photo below)
of a photo by Rudi Winter © 2010 at, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0).

White marks on stone can sometimes reflect cupmarks and in this case were instrumental to identify the head stars of Scorpio -- lower right hand corner.

Please note that this posting is part of a series of postings by Andis Kaulins on the megalithic sites in the Preseli Hills, Pembrokeshire, Wales. See also:

Decipherment of Carn Arthur, Wales, Pembrokeshire as Hermetic Astronomy, "As Above, So Below"

Carn Menyn (Carn Meini, OS Carnmenyn) Deciphered as Marking the Stars of Draco

King Arthur Pictured at Carn Bica Outcrop: Arthur's "Bedd" is the Circle of Precession

What is the Ancient Gaelic Term for "King"?

King Arthur at Carn Bica Outcrop - Visual Interpretation for Those Who May Be Good at Texts but Not At Picture Visualization

What About that Camel in the King Arthur Carn Bica Outcrop?

King Arthur, the Carn Bica Outcrop, A Berber Camel, and Two Hyenas at Heaven's Center in Ancient Astronomy

Happy New Year! Latvia Joins the Euro Currency Area on January 1, 2014

The European Central Bank (ECB) reports that Latvia joins the Euro currency as the 18th member of the Euro area on January 1, 2014.

The Latvian currency, the Lats (LVL), ceases to be legal tender on January 15, 2014.

The fixed exchange rate is € 1.00 = LVL 0.702804, which is equivalent to ca. 1 Lat to 1.42 Euros.

In Latvia

Latvian post offices will exchange the old money until March 31, 2014 while normal banks will exchange the old currency until June 30, 2014. In addition, the country's central bank, the Latvijas Banka, i.e. the Bank of Latvia, will exchange unlimited amounts of LVL currency (notes and coins) for an indefinite period into the future.

Outside of Latvia in the Euro Area

Outside of Latvia, Euro area national central banks (NCBs) will exchange Latvian banknotes in amounts limited to €1000 for any given party/transaction on any one day until February 28, 2014.

General Comment

Although the shift from the Latvian lat to the Euro area currency is not massively popular among the Latvian populace, the fact is that "Latvia has, for all practical purposes, been part of the euro zone since joining the European Exchange Rate Mechanism in 2005." (WSJ)

The ISandIS Network

Our Websites and Blogs: 3D Printing and More 99 is not 100 Aabecis AK Photo Blog Ancient Egypt Weblog Ancient Signs (the book) Ancient World Blog Anthropomorphic Design Archaeology Travel Photos (blog) Archaeology Travel Photos (Flickr) Archaeo Pundit Arts Pundit Astrology and Birth Baltic Coachman Bible Pundit Biotechnology Pundit Book Pundit Chronology of the Ancient World Computer Pundit DVD Pundit Easter Island Script Echolat Einstein’s Voice Energy Environment and Climate Blog Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza EU Laws EU Legal EU Pundit FaceBook Pundit Gadget Pundit Garden Pundit Golf Pundit Google Pundit Gourmet Pundit Hand Proof HousePundit Human Migrations Idea Pundit Illyrian Language Indus Valley Script Infinity One : The Secret of the First Disk (the game) Jostandis Journal Pundit Kaulins Genealogy Blog Kaulinsium Kiel & Kieler Latvian Blog Law Pundit Blog LexiLine Group Lexiline Journal Library Pundit Lingwhizt LinkedIn Literary Pundit Magnifichess Make it Music Maps and Cartography Megalithic World Megaliths Blog) Minoan Culture Mutatis Mutandis Nanotech Pundit Nostratic Languages Official Pundit Phaistos Disc Pharaonic Hieroglyphs Photo Blog of the World Pinterest Prehistoric Art Pundit Private Wealth Blog PunditMania Quanticalian Quick to Travel Quill Pundit Road Pundit Shelfari SlideShare (akaulins) Sport Pundit Star Pundit Stars Stones and Scholars (blog) Stars Stones and Scholars (book) Stonehenge Pundit The Enchanted Glass Twitter Pundit UbiquitousPundit Vision of Change VoicePundit WatchPundit Wine Pundit Word Pundit xistmz YahooPundit zistmz