Thursday, July 04, 2013

Douglas Engelbart Mouse Inventor and Computer Pioneer Passes Away

Who invented the computer mouse?
and much more than that in the early digital era?

Douglas Engelbart, who passed away on July 2, 2013.

Arik Hesseldahl at AllThingsD has the story in:

Computing Pioneer Douglas Engelbart Has Died at Age 88.

See the Stanford University website providing videos of Engelbart's now famous demo presentation of the digital world of tomorrow which is described there as follows:
"On December 9, 1968, Douglas C. Engelbart and the group of 17 researchers working with him in the Augmentation Research Center at Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, CA, presented a 90-minute live public demonstration of the online system, NLS, they had been working on since 1962. The public presentation was a session of the Fall Joint Computer Conference held at the Convention Center in San Francisco, and it was attended by about 1,000 computer professionals. This was the public debut of the computer mouse. But the mouse was only one of many innovations demonstrated that day, including hypertext, object addressing and dynamic file linking, as well as shared-screen collaboration  involving two persons at different sites communicating over a network with audio and video interface."

WLAN Shortage in Germany Due to Legal Restrictions: Laws Hinder the Expansion of Public Wireless Internet as Not Even the German Parliament has WiFi


Germany has a WLAN problem with the general lack of availability of public WiFi hotspots due to legal restrictions.

Laws hinder the expansion of wireless Internet in an age where some view being "connected" to be more important than public telephone lines.

Marcel Rosenbach and Hilmar Schmundt have the story in an article at the Spiegel Online translated from the German by Ella Ornstein:

Free WiFi Shortage: German Laws Make it Hard to Provide Wireless Internet

2013 Preseason College Football Rankings

We were one of the few prognosticators last year to pick Alabama in the preseason as the repeat college football national championship BCS winner.

What about 2013? Can the Alabama Crimson Tide make it three in a row?
Not only is Saban's team heavily favored to win its third straight national title, but our own stats indicate that the men from Tuscaloosa were statistically dominant in claiming the BCS crown last season.

This is the last year of BCS, which is being replaced by a 4-team college football playoff system starting in the 2014-2015 season.

In 2013, everyone is going to be giving 'Bama their A-Game and the Alabama schedule is full of teams with new or nearly new top head coaches who will be burning the midnight oil to find ways to beat an overpowering opponent.

Indeed, the physically dominant Tide may have some problems with the fast-paced no-huddle hurry-up offenses of teams like Auburn, with new head coach Gus Malzahn, a Tiger team that the Tide faces in the last game of the regular season. Malzahn is no other than the author of Hurry Up No Huddle – An Offensive Philosophy (ISBN 9781585186549). Look out.

Not only top coaches and top players but season-long ENDURANCE and physical health at season's end may decide the nation's top team this year.

Much will depend on team depth at top positions, especially quarterback. On paper, Georgia and Texas A&M look like true contenders for the title, given the prowess of their quarterbacks Aaron Murray and last season's Heisman Trophy winner Johnny Manziel, respectively.

Moreover, other schools are doing well in the recruiting wars, which will pay dividends down the road. Scout.com has the following rankings for the 2013 recruiting class: 1. Ohio State 2. Michigan 3. UCLA 4. Alabama 5. Notre Dame 6. Texas A&M 7. Florida 8. Georgia 9. LSU 10. Mississippi 11. Nebraska 12. Clemson 13. Washington 14. Auburn 15. Oklahoma 16. Florida State 17. Oregon 18. USC 19. Vanderbilt 20. Miami (FL) 21. Pittsburgh 22. Mississippi State 23. Texas 24. South Carolina 25. Oklahoma State.

Never count the Buckeyes or the Wolverines out. Ohio State and Michigan will be stronger than ever in coming years under Urban Meyer and Brady Hoke, the SEC will be as formidable as ever, and other teams wait in the wings. Indeed, we keep waiting for the Nebraska Cornhuskers, where we did our undergraduate days, to rise above a decade of relative mediocrity. However, the Huskers are unlikely to fare better than Stanford this year, where we went to law school, as the Cardinal continues to field surprisingly superior teams.

Recruitment gives a good idea of what to expect in coming years, suggesting that Alabama dominance will come under serious siege by other schools who also field top coaches and players.

Mike Pickett at Bleacher Report headlines: SEC Betting Odds: Why Is Conference an Underdog to Win BCS Title, meaning that Vegas considers an SEC national championship crown this year as not being a lock against "the field", i.e. all the other conferences and schools in the running, even though Alabama, Ohio State and Texas A&M are given the best odds of winning as a team. The odds listed there are: Alabama 3/1 Texas A&M 13/2 Ohio State 13/2 Oregon 7/1 Georgia 14/1 Stanford 16/1 LSU 18/1 Florida State 22/1 Louisville 22/1 Clemson 25/1 Florida 25/1 Miami 28/1 Michigan 28/1 South Carolina 28/1 Oklahoma State 33/1 Texas 33/1 Nebraska 50/1 Notre Dame 50/1 Oklahoma 50/1 UCLA 50/1 USC 50/1 TCU 66/1 Wisconsin 66/1 Boise State 100/1 Michigan State 100/1 Oregon State 100/1.

Athlon Sports puts the Alabama Crimson Tide at the top of the rankings list in their Preseason Top 25 of college football teams, followed by Ohio State: 1. Alabama 2. Ohio State 3. Oregon 4. Georgia 5. South Carolina 6. Clemson 7. Stanford 8. Texas A&M 9. Louisville 10. Notre Dame 11. Boise State 12. LSU 13. Florida 14. Michigan 15. Florida State 16. Oklahoma State 17. Oklahoma 18. Texas 19. Wisconsin 20. TCU 21. Nebraska 22. Fresno State 23. Arizona State 24. Northwestern 25. Oregon State.

John Rozum at Bleacher Report in Preseason College Football Rankings 2013: Early Look at Entire Top 25 has 1. Alabama 2. Ohio State 3. Texas A&M 4. Stanford 5. Oregon 6. Louisville 7. South Carolina 8. Notre Dame 9. Georgia 10. Clemson 11. Michigan 12. Florida 13. TCU 14. LSU 15. Northwestern 16. Florida State 17. Michigan State 18. Boise State 19. Texas 20. UCLA 21. Vanderbilt 22. Arizona State 23. Oregon State 24. Oklahoma State 25. Nebraska.

Matt Hayes at Sporting News also has Alabama at #1 for the upcoming college football season at College football preseason Top 25 rankings, but the stunner is their placement of the Stanford Cardinal at #2. As a Stanford University Law School alumnus, we will root for that, but have our doubts it will be that good. The Pac 12 is loaded with very good teams that will contend for the title. See the Sporting News slide show and explanations for this top 25: 1. Alabama 2. Stanford 3. South Carolina 4. Florida 5. Ohio State 6. Oklahoma State 7. Texas A&M 8. Oregon 9. Clemson 10. Notre Dame 11. Louisville 12. Georgia 13. Michigan 14. Texas 15. Boise State 16. LSU 17. Baylor 18. Florida State 19. Oklahoma 20. UCLA 21. Nebraska 22. Miami (Fla.) 23. Oregon State 24. Wisconsin 25. Ole Miss.

Tim Hyland at About.com College Football in 2013 College Football Preseason Top 25 has Alabama first, but, 9-win Vanderbilt 20th! ahead of the Huskers and USC. That is courageous. 1. Alabama 2. Ohio State 3. Texas A&M 4. Oregon 5. Clemson 6. Georgia 7. Notre Dame 8. Michigan 9. Stanford 10. Florida State 11. South Carolina 12. Florida 13. LSU 14. Boise State 15. UCLA 16. Kansas State 17. Oklahoma 18. Louisville 19. Texas 20. Vanderbilt 21. Nebraska 22. USC 23. Northwestern 24. TCU 25. Ole Miss.

Chip Patterson  at CBS Sports reveals the preseason Vegas spreads for top 2013 games in 250 2013 college football spreads released by Golden Nugget. Alabama is not expected to lose a game.

Based on their Preseason Rankings Comparison (Athlon, Lindy's, Phil Steele, BLS, TSN), the Consensus Rank at CollegeFootballPoll.com in their 2013 College Football Season Preview is: 1. Alabama 2. Ohio State 3. Oregon 4. Stanford 5. Georgia 6. Texas A&M 7. South Carolina 8. Clemson 9. Louisville 10. Forida 11. Notre Dame 12. Oklahoma State 13. Florida State 14. Texas 15. LSU 16. Michigan 17. Nebraska 18. Oklahoma 19. Boise State 20. TCU 21. Wisconsin 22. Fresno State 23. Miami (FL) 24. USC 25. Baylor and Ole Miss.

Below are the Final College Football Rankings and Ratings 2012-2013 FBS Post-Bowl by SportPundit & YPPSYS, Yards Per Play System for the past season of FBS college football.

The stats below show the presumed dominance of teams (or not) by yards per play on offense versus yards per play on defense -- adjusted by schedule difficulty and won-loss records. These stats give us a good idea of the strength of the teams going into the 2013 season, as huge changes are rare at the top level.

Six SEC teams were in the top 10. That pretty much sums up last season.

Teams are color-coded by conference (as of last year, as the conferences change again this year) -- the selected color is random.
The color-coding of the rankings shows quickly that teams from the same conference tend to "clump" together, thus making the relative general strength (or weakness) of any conference more visible.
 
These are the season-ending post-bowl ratings and rankings based on our primary measure of "net average yards per play advantage" (NAYPPA), a specific predictive calculation which we were the first to implement, minus a calculation of the schedule difficulty. The inclusion of FCS teams in scheduling makes calculation of the strength of schedule difficult and the strength of FCS teams is an approximation. Sagarin USA Today schedule difficulty ratings were used to assist in calculating schedule difficulty, but we added some subjective judgments and a special formula to handle schedule difficulty, whereby -- for this final ranking and rating -- we subtracted from the NAYPPA 2 x the schedule difficulty up to 50 and 3 x the schedule difficulty for 55 and up minus .2 for every loss. It is still a bit unwieldy and we hope to improve this system next year, but we have to account for strong teams beating up on weak ones.

As a measuring stick, note that the best college teams of all time had a NAYPPA of not greater than 3.0 for an entire season. Schedules have become easier recently, e.g. through FCS scheduling, and Boise State had a 3.5 season NAYPPA three years ago but lost a game. According to the yards-per-play standard, last year's Alabama team would be ranked among the best teams ever, had they not lost to Texas A&M. But they did lose.

See Best Teams Ever: (top three as examples below)

In past recent years, an average FBS team gained ca. 5.4 yards per play on offense and allows ca. 5.4 yards per play on defense, a statistic that holds fairly constant. The yards per play on offense has increased somewhat in the last couple of years after FBS teams started scheduling weaker FCS teams. The weaker an opponent the better the NAYPPA stat usually becomes, hence one has to adjust for schedule difficulty, which is not easy, because the relationship is not linear.

We get the yards-per-play stats that we use from the college or university online football websites that are linked below under "yards per play offense" or from cfbstats.com, a website with loads of college football statistics.


Alabama is probably going to be comparably strong this season to last season, so the only way to beat the Crimson Tide will be for teams to get better and be more competitive. In our ratings, 1 point of YPPSYS team rating below is worth 7 SCOREBOARD points, so that Alabama starts out the new season rated at least one touchdown better than the nearest competition.


THE 2012-2013 Post-Bowl SportPundit & YPPSYS TEAM RANKINGS AND RATINGS 


2012
-2013
Sport
Pundit
Rank
AFTER
The Bowl Games
TEAM FBS
color-coded by conference
NAYPPA
net average yards per play advantage offense over defense

yards
per
play offense

yards
per
play defense


Schedule difficulty
plus or minus  subjective adjustments*
 (this is our calculation based on various sources including our own rankings)


W-L
record
2012
-2013
incl.
bowl
games

YPPSYS
Team
Rating NAYPPA
minus .01 x
2x schedule difficulty up to 50 minus 3x schedule difficulty thereafter
minus .2 for every loss.

1 
Alabama
2.8
7.0
4.2

50
13-1
+1.6
2
Oregon 1.7
6.6
4.9

50
12-1
+0.5

3 Texas A&M 1.9
7.1
5.2

50

11-2

+0.5

4 Georgia
1.9
7.1
5.2

50
12-2
+0.5
5 Notre Dame 1.2
6.0
4.8

50
12-1
+0.0
6 Ohio State
1.0
6.1
5.1

50
12-0
+0.0
7
South Carolina
1.1

5.7
4.6

50
11-2
-0.3
8 Florida 0.9
5.3
4.4

50
11-2
-0.5
9Stanford
0.8
5.5
4.7

50
12-2
-0.6
10 LSU
1.0
5.5
4.5

50
10-3
-0.6
11 Florida State
3.1
7.0
3.9

110
12-2
-0.6

12 Kansas State 0.8
6.2
5.4

50
11-2
-0.6
13 Clemson 0.6
6.3
5.7

50
11-2
-0.8
14 Nebraska 1.0
6.2
5.2

50
10-4
-0.8
15 Michigan
1.2
6.1
4.9

50
8-5
-0.8
16 Oklahoma
0.7
6.4
5.7

50
10-3
-0.9
17 USC
1.3
6.6
5.3

50
7-6
-0.9
18 Oregon State 0.8
5.9
5.1

50
9-4
-1.0
19 Wisconsin
1.2

6.0
4.8


50

8-6

-1.0

20
Baylor
0.9

6.9
6.0


50

8-5

-1.1

21 Utah State
2.5

6.8
4.3


110

11-2

-1.2

22 Texas 0.4
6.3
5.9

50
9-4
-1.4
23 Northwestern 0.1
5.3
5.2

50
10-3
-1.5
24 San Jose St. 1.3
6.4
5.1

80
11-2
-1.5

25
UCLA 0.4
6.0
5.6

50
9-5
-1.6
26 Boise State 1.2

5.8
4.6

80
11-2
-1.6
27 Vanderbilt
0.9
5.7
4.8

60
9-4
-1.7
28 Arizona State
1.2

6.0
4.8


65
8-5
-1.7
29 Arizona 0.3
6.3
6.0

50
8-5

-1.7
30 Oklahoma State 1.7
7.0
5.3

80
8-5
-1.7
31 Texas Tech 1.1
6.5
5.4

60
8-5
-1.7
32 Syracuse 0.3
6.0
5.7

50
8-5
-1.7
33 Mississippi 0.4
5.9
5.5

50
7-6
-1.8
34 Louisville 0.6
5.9
5.3

70
11-2
-1.9
35 BYU 0.8
5.2
4.4

60
8-5
-2.0
36 Cincinnati
1.3
6.6
5.3

90
10-3
-2.0
37 Louisiana Tech
0.1
6.6
6.5

55
9-3
-2.0
38 Penn State
0.5
5.4
4.9

60
8-4
-2.1
39 Michigan State 0.7
5.0
4.3

55
7-6
-2.1
40 TCU
0.6
5.5
4.9

60
7-6
-2.1
41 West Virginia 0.2
6.5
6.3

55
7-6
-2.1
42 Mississippi St.
0.4

5.9
5.5


55

8-5

-2.2

43 Arkansas 0.4
6.1
5.7

50
4-8
-2.2
44 North Carolina
1.3
6.5
5.2

90
8-4
-2.2
45 Pittsburgh 0.8
5.7
4.9

55
6-7
-2.2
46 Miami (Florida)
0.4
6.5
6.1

55
7-5
-2.3
47 Virginia Tech
0.4
5.2
4.8

55
7-6
-2.3
48 Georgia Tech
0.5
6.2
5.7

55
7-7
-2.3

49 North. Illinois
1.7
6.4
4.7

120
12-2
-2.3
50 
Rutgers 0.6
5.2
4.6

70
9-4
-2.3
51 Washington
-0.3
5.1
5.4

50
7-6
-2.5
52
Arkansas State 1.0
6.4
5.4

100
10-3
-2.6

53 Fresno State
1.5
6.2
4.7

110
9-4
-2.6
54 San Diego State
0.6
5.8
5.2

80
9-4
-2.6
55 Missouri
-0.6
4.9
5.5

35
5-7
-2.7
56 Tennessee 0.3
6.4
6.1

60
5-7
-2.7
57 Tulsa
0.6
5.5
4.9

90
11-3
-2.7
58 California
0.1
5.8
5.7

50
3-9
-2.7
59 Minnesota -0.4
4.9
5.3

50
6-7
-2.8
60
Utah
-0.4
4.9
5.3

50
5-7
-2.8
61 UCF
1.0
6.1
5.1

100
10-4
-2.8
62 Kent State 0.2
5.8
5.6


80
11-3
-2.8
63
Louis.-Lafayette
0.9
6.8
5.9

100
9-4
-2.9
64 Navy 0.1
5.9
5.8

70
8-5
-3.0
65
Iowa State -0.6
5.1
5.7

50
6-7
-3.0
66 Louis.-Monroe 
-0.2

5.7
5.9


60

8-5

-3.0
67 Virginia
0.2
5.3
5.1

55
4-8
-3.1
68 Connecticut 0.3
4.8
4.5

70
5-7
-3.2
69 West. Kentucky
0.7
6.0
5.3

90
7-6
-3.2
70 N.C. State
-0.3
5.2
5.5

60
7-6
-3.3
71 Mid. Tennessee -0.3
5.8
6.1

75
8-4
-3.3
72 Ball State 
-0.6
5.7
6.3

65
9-4
-3.4
73 Auburn
-0.7
5.3
6.0

50
3-9
-3.5
74 Toledo
-0.5
6.0
6.5

75
9-4
-3.5
75 Purdue -0.2
5.5
5.7

65
6-7
-3.5
76 Air Force
0.0
5.8
5.8

70
6-7
-3.5
77 Nevada
0.3
6.2
5.9

85
7-6
-3.5
78 Bowling Green 0.6
5.3
4.7

105
8-5
-3.5
79 Ohio
0.4
5.8
5.4

105

9-4

-3.5

80 Duke -1.2
5.3
6.5

50
6-7
-3.6
81 Indiana -0.4
5.7
6.1

55
4-8
-3.6
82 Iowa
-0.8

4.7
5.5

50
4-8
-3.6
83 Washington St. -0.8
4.9
5.7

50
3-9
-3.6
84 Kentucky -0.7
4.8
5.5

50
2-10
-3.7
85 SMU
-0.2
5.2
5.4

75
7-6
-3.7
86 East Carolina -0.3
5.6
5.9

85
8-5
-3.9
87 Maryland -0.6
4.4
5.0

60
4-8
-4.0
88  
Cent. Michigan 
0.2
6.2
6.0

100
7-6
-4.0
89 Temple
-1.1
5.1
6.3

55
4-7
-4.1

90 South Florida -0.3
5.6
5.7

65
3-9
-4.1
91 Houston
0.2
5.8
5.6

100
5-7
-4.2
92 Boston College -0.5
5.1
5.6

55
2-10
-4.2
93 Marshall 
0.1
5.9
5.8

100
5-7
-4.3
94 
Buffalo 0.0
5.2
5.2

90
4-8
-4.3
95  
West. Michigan
0.2
5.8
5.6

100

4-8
-4.4
96 Colorado State
-0.1
5.4
5.5

90
4-8
-4.4
97 Wake Forest -1.4
4.4
5.8

55
5-7
-4.5
98 Troy -0.1
6.2
6.3

100
5-7
-4.5
99 Rice -1.1
5.4
6.5

75
7-6
-4.6
100
UTSA
-0.2
5.8
6.0

120
8-4
-4.6
101
North Texas -0.6
5.5
6.1

80
4-8
-4.6
102 UTEP 
-0.7
5.4
6.1

70
3-9
-4.6
103 Fl. Int'l FIU 
-0.2
5.4
5.6

90
3-9
-4.7
104 Illinois
-1.3
4.5
5.8

55
2-10
-4.9
105 
Kansas
-1.8
5.0
6.8

50
1-11
-5.0
106 Wyoming
-0.7
5.5
6.2

90
4-8
-5.0
107
Texas State
-0.6
5.9
6.5

95
4-8
-5.0
108
Memphis
-0.4
5.0
5.4

100
4-8
-5.0
109 Army -1.0
5.7
6.7

70
2-10
-5.1
110
East. Michigan 
-1.4
5.3
6.7

55
2-10
-5.1
111 Miami (Ohio) -0.8
5.5
6.3

85
4-8
-5.1
112
Hawaii
-1.1
4.3
5.4

75
3-9
-5.1
113
UNLV
-0.8
5.2
6.0

75
2-11
-5.2
114 
Florida Atlantic 
-1.1
5.1
6.2

80
3-9
-5.4
115
New Mexico -1.1
5.7
6.8

120
4-9
-5.5
116 Tulane
-1.7
4.7
6.4

60
2-10
-5.5
117 UAB
-0.6

5.6
6.2


105

3-9

-5.5

118
South Alabama
-1.0
4.6
5.6

80
2-11
-5.6
119 Idaho -1.9
4.7
6.6

55
1-11
-5.7
120 Colorado -2.7
4.4
7.1

50
1-11
-5.9
121 Akron 
-0.6
5.4
6.0

105
1-11
-5.9
122 New Mexico St. -1.6
5.1
6.7

90

1-11

-6.5
123
Southern Miss -1.2
4.9
6.1

80
0-12
-6.0
124
Massachusetts
-2.5
3.9
6.4

70
1-11
-6.8

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