Sunday, May 27, 2012

Immigration to the United States 1820-2011: Impact of the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act

In the eight years of the Clinton Presidency, 6,280,488 persons from foreign countries established permanent legal residence in the United States, an average per year of 785,061.

In the eight years of the George W. Bush Presidency, 8,327,610 persons from foreign countries established permanent legal residence in the United States, an average per year of 1,040,951.

As shown by the table below from the Department of Homeland Security, the current problem is not legal immigration, which has always been a driving economic force in America.

Rather, one must presume from the data below that the problem can only be illegal immigration combined with changing demographic patterns.

Table 1.






PERSONS OBTAINING LEGAL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS: FISCAL YEARS 1820 TO 2011

Year Number Year Number Year Number Year Number
1820 8.385  1870 387.203  1920 430.001  1970 373.326 
1821 9.127  1871 321.350  1921 805.228  1971 370.478 
1822 6.911  1872 404.806  1922 309.556  1972 384.685 
1823 6.354  1873 459.803  1923 522.919  1973 398.515 
1824 7.912  1874 313.339  1924 706.896  1974 393.919 
1825 10.199  1875 227.498  1925 294.314  1975 385.378 
1826 10.837  1876 169.986  1926 304.488  1976¹ 499.093 
1827 18.875  1877 141.857  1927 335.175  1977 458.755 
1828 27.382  1878 138.469  1928 307.255  1978 589.810 
1829 22.520  1879 177.826  1929 279.678  1979 394.244 
1830 23.322  1880 457.257  1930 241.700  1980 524.295 
1831 22.633  1881 669.431  1931 97.139  1981 595.014 
1832 60.482  1882 788.992  1932 35.576  1982 533.624 
1833 58.640  1883 603.322  1933 23.068  1983 550.052 
1834 65.365  1884 518.592  1934 29.470  1984 541.811 
1835 45.374  1885 395.346  1935 34.956  1985 568.149 
1836 76.242  1886 334.203  1936 36.329  1986 600.027 
1837 79.340  1887 490.109  1937 50.244  1987 599.889 
1838 38.914  1888 546.889  1938 67.895  1988 641.346 
1839 68.069  1889 444.427  1939 82.998  1989  1.090.172 
1840 84.066  1890 455.302  1940 70.756  1990  1.535.872 
1841 80.289  1891 560.319  1941 51.776  1991  1.826.595
1842 104.565  1892 579.663  1942 28.781  1992    973.445
1843 52.496  1893 439.730  1943 23.725  1993    903.916
1844 78.615  1894 285.631  1944 28.551  1994    803.993
1845 114.371  1895 258.536  1945 38.119  1995    720.177
1846 154.416  1896 343.267  1946 108.721  1996    915.560
1847 234.968  1897 230.832  1947 147.292  1997    797.847
1848 226.527  1898 229.299  1948 170.570  1998    653.206
1849 297.024  1899 311.715  1949 188.317  1999    644.787
1850 369.980  1900 448.572  1950 249.187  2000    841.002
1851 379.466  1901 487.918  1951 205.717  2001  1.058.902
1852 371.603  1902 648.743  1952 265.520  2002  1.059.356
1853 368.645  1903 857.046  1953 170.434  2003     703.542
1854 427.833  1904 812.870  1954 208.177  2004     957.883
1855 200.877  1905 1.026.499  1955 237.790  2005 1.122.257
1856 200.436  1906 1.100.735  1956 321.625  2006 1.266.129
1857 251.306  1907 1.285.349  1957 326.867  2007 1.052.415
1858 123.126  1908 782.870  1958 253.265  2008 1.107.126
1859 121.282  1909 751.786  1959 260.686  2009 1.130.818
1860 153.640  1910 1.041.570  1960 265.398  2010   1.042.625
1861 91.918  1911 878.587  1961 271.344  2011 1.062.040
1862 91.985  1912 838.172  1962 283.763 

1863 176.282  1913 1.197.892  1963 306.260 

1864 193.418  1914 1.218.480  1964 292.248 

1865 248.120  1915 326.700  1965 296.697 

1866 318.568  1916 298.826  1966 323.040 

1867 315.722  1917 295.403  1967 361.972 

1868 138.840  1918 110.618  1968 454.448 

1869 352.768  1919 141.132  1969 358.579 

¹ Includes the 15 months from July 1, 1975 to September 30, 1976 because the end date of fiscal years was changed from June 30 to September 30.













For some factual and analytical details on the history of immigration in the United States, see history.com in
United States Immigration Before 1965

when the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act reformed American immigration law.

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